Artemis 1: NASA ikuyembekezera masiku awiri omaliza a Seputembala

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NASA ili ndi masiku awiri atsopano m’malingaliro – Seputembara 23 kapena Seputembara 27 – kuti ayesenso kukhazikitsa roketi yake yayikulu yoyendera mwezi pa ntchito yoyesa yopanda anthu. Koma pali zinthu zambiri zomwe zingayime panjira yoti ntchito ya Artemis I ikhazikitsidwe padziko lapansi, ndipo chilichonse mwa izo chikhoza kukankhira kumbuyo tsiku loyambitsa.

NASA ikuyesera kuthana ndi vuto la rocket lotulutsa mafuta, lotchedwa Space Launch System, kapena SLS. Pakuyesa komaliza ku Kennedy Space Center ku Florida Loweruka, Seputembara 3, roketiyo idataya kwambiri chifukwa idadyetsedwa ndi madzi ozizira kwambiri a hydrogen.

Pamene roketi idakali pa pulatifomu, akuluakulu a NASA adanena pamsonkhano wa atolankhani Lachinayi, NASA ikufuna kuthetsa nkhaniyi mwa kukonza ndikusintha zisindikizo zina musanayese mayeso kuti zitsimikizire kuti kutayikira konse kwatsekedwa.

Sizikudziwikabe kuti zitenga nthawi yayitali bwanji.

Pambuyo pake, pali vuto lodalira. Gulu lankhondo la US Space Force, lomwe ndi gulu lankhondo, limayang’anirabe kuwulutsidwa kwa zida zonse kuchokera ku US East Coast, kuphatikiza malo otsegulira a NASA ku Florida, ndipo derali limadziwika kuti “Eastern Range”.

Akuluakulu oyang’anira mayendedwe ali ndi ntchito yowonetsetsa kuti palibe chowopsa kwa anthu kapena katundu pakuyesa kulikonse. Izi zikutanthauza kuti dera lakum’mawa liyeneranso kupereka chithunzithunzi cha NASA kuti njira yothamangitsira mizingayo – njira yomwe ingawononge mzingawo pamlengalenga ngati itachoka ndikuyamba kupita komwe kuli anthu – ndiyokonzeka kuwuluka.

Dongosololi limadalira mabatire, komabe, malinga ndi malamulo apano, ayenera kuchangidwanso pamalo oyandikana nawo m’nyumba masiku otsegulira kumene asanafike.

NASA ikuyembekeza kuti ichotsa lamuloli. Koma sizinadziwikebe kuti ndi liti kapena ngati pempholo lidzaperekedwa. NASA ikapanda kuvomereza kuchotsedwa, roketi ya SLS iyenera kukankhidwa kuchoka pa bolodi ndikubwerera ku Vehicle Assembly Building yomwe ili pafupi, zomwe zimabweretsa kuchedwa.

“Ngati awona kuti sichoyenera kuchita, mwachiwonekere tithandizira izi ndikusiya ndikuyang’ana kuyesa kotsatira,” a Jim Frey, wothandizirana ndi woyang’anira NASA Exploration Systems Development Mission Directorate, adatero Lachinayi. msonkhano.

“Koma tikukankhirabe kuyesa kwa thanki,” adatero, ponena za mayesero omwe NASA ikukonzekera kukonza kutayikira kwa hydrogen pamene roketi idakali papulatifomu.

Gulu la Kum’mawa la Space Force linanena m’mawu okha kuti “liwonanso pempho la NASA.” Anakana kugawana zambiri za nthawi.

Lachinayi, NASA idapereka chidziwitso pazomwe idapeza zavutoli. Bungwe loyang’anira mlengalenga lawulula kale Panali “kukakamiza kosayembekezeka kwa mzere wa haidrojeni,” a Michael Sarafin, woyang’anira mishoni ya Artemis, adatero Loweruka, kubweretsa zosakwana mapaundi 60 pa inchi imodzi yamphamvu m’malo mwa mapaundi 20 pa inchi imodzi yomwe amayembekeza.

Sizikudziwikabe ngati kukakamizidwa kochulukiraku ndiko kudayambitsa kutayikira, koma NASA ikudziwa chifukwa chake kupanikizika kopitilira muyeso kudachitika poyambirira – ndipo zolakwika zamunthu zidakhudzidwa.

Gulu lathu loyang’anira likupepesa [the operator in charge of overseeing the process] Chifukwa tinasintha zina pazantchito zathu zamanja pakati pa kuyesa Lolemba ndi kuyesa Loweruka. “Tidaphunzira nawo mkati mwa sabata koma tidangopeza mwayi uwiri. Chifukwa chake sitinayike ogwira ntchito athu ngati gulu la utsogoleri pamalo abwino kwambiri titha kudalira gulu lathu langongole.”

Malinga ndi Free, kukakamizidwa kochulukiraku ndichinthu chomwe NASA ikufuna kupewa. NASA ikuyang’ana “njira yotsitsa, yofatsa, ngati mungafune.”

Pakadali pano, padakali masewera odikirira komanso “ngati” ambiri ozungulira dongosolo la Artemis I.Cholinga chachikulu cha polojekitiyi ndikupangitsa kuti roketi ya SLS ikhale yozungulira ndikutumiza kapsule ya Orion, yomwe idapangidwira okonda zakuthambo koma imawuluka opanda kanthu. za ntchito yoyesa iyi. Kapisoziyo idzapitiriza kuzungulira mwezi musanabwerere kwawo mtunda wa makilomita 239,000.

Ntchito ya Artemis I ndi chiyambi chabe cha pulogalamu yomwe cholinga chake ndi kubwezeretsa anthu ku Mwezi, ndipo pamapeto pake kufikitsa maulendo a anthu pa Mars. Nelson adanena kuti mavuto pazitsamba ziwiri zoyambirira sizinachedwetse utumwi wa Artemi.

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