Vintage 1955 Ford Thunderbird ikuwonetsa chiwongolero ndi dashboard mumitundu ya teal ndi aqua.  (Chithunzi: Arterra/Universal Images Group kudzera pa Getty Images)

Chifukwa chiyani liwiro lagalimoto yanu limakwera mpaka 160 mph?

Izi ndi pafupifupi kuwirikiza kawiri liwiro lapamwamba kwambiri ku United States, makilomita 85 pa ola limodzi, mumsewu waukulu ku Texas. Chifukwa chiyani ma Speedometer athu amapitilira liwiro losaloledwa lomwe oyendetsa magalimoto othamanga okha ndi omwe angafike?

Mneneri wa Toyota a Paul Hoggard adati wopanga makinawo akufuna kuti ma Speedometer azikhala osavuta kuwerenga, chifukwa chake pali phindu pakukhazikitsa liwiro la magalimoto aku America, kuyambira 45 mph mpaka 70 mph, adatero, pamwamba pa liwiro. ndi malo ophweka kwambiri pa speedometer kuti dalaivala awerenge. Kuchita izi – ndikusunga liwiro lofananira, lowoneka bwino – kumafuna geji yomwe imawonetsa liwiro lakale lakale, adatero.

Chifukwa chake magalimoto, monga ma Toyota Corollas, ali ndi liwiro la 160 mph Osayandikira kufika pa liwiro lotere.

Ma Speedometer opitilira liwiro loyendetsa mwalamulo akhala akudziwika kwa nthawi yayitali ku United States, malinga ndi akatswiri odziwa zachitetezo chamagalimoto ndi liwiro. Izi zapitilira mpaka zaka za zana la makumi awiri ndi chimodzi ngakhale kukwera kwa kufa kwa magalimoto.

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m’ma 1920, magalimoto amatha kugulidwa ndi makina othamanga mpaka 120 mph, malinga ndi Bruce Woolsey, pulezidenti wa Bob’s Speedometer, wogulitsa magawo a galimoto ku Michigan.

Woolsey adati ma Speedometer adasintha kupita kumlingo wapamwamba kwambiri mzaka za m’ma 1950 a Ford ndi Chrysler atatulutsa ma Thunderbirds awo ndi 300s motsatana. Ma Speedometer ake adagunda 150 mph, adatero, ndipo adakhala poyambira kutchuka kwa ma 160 mph. Liwiro loyamba la 160 mph lomwe ndimadziwa linali Cunningham C-3 kuyambira m’ma 1950.

Vintage 1955 Ford Thunderbird ikuwonetsa chiwongolero ndi dashboard mumitundu ya teal ndi aqua.  (Chithunzi: Arterra/Universal Images Group kudzera pa Getty Images)

Komabe, ma speedometer awa ali ndi mbiri yotsutsana.

Akatswiri ena oteteza magalimoto amati ma Speedometer ataliatali amatha kuwongolera kuthamanga kwambiri ndipo mochenjera amathandizira kuti anthu aziyenda mothamanga kwambiri kuposa 100mph.

Joanne Claybrook, yemwe adagwira ntchito ngati director of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration kuyambira 1977 mpaka 1981, adauza CNN Business kuti “anakwiya kotheratu” pamakina othamanga kwambiri panthawi yomwe anali pantchito.

Chifukwa chake NHTSA idapereka lamulo mu 1979 kuti ma Speedometer asamawonetse liwiro lopitilira 85 miles pa ola.

Claybrook akukumbukira kuti: “Makampani amagalimoto ayamba kuipiraipira. “Sindingagwedezeke. Ndimayesa thupi langa mu izi.”

Claybrook adati ma speedometer ndi owopsa kwambiri ndipo amatha kulimbikitsa achinyamata kuyesa malire a magalimoto awo.

“Kwa iwo azaka zapakati pa 16 mpaka 25, nthawi zonse amafuna kukayezetsa,” adatero Claybrook. “Zimakhala zokopa kwambiri kuti ana agwirizane ndikupita mofulumira kwambiri.”

Ma Speedometer anali Anamangidwanso kuti agwirizane ndi lamulo la 1979. Koma izi sizinakhalitse.

Choletsacho chinathetsedwa pomwe olamulira a Reagan adatenga udindo ndipo Claybrook adatuluka.

Jo Young, wolankhulira Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, adauza CNN Business kuti sakudziwa kafukufuku uliwonse wofufuza ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa kapangidwe ka Speedometer ndi liwiro laulendo. Koma adati palibe funso la kulumikizana.

“Sikudumpha kwakukulu kuganiza kuti madalaivala atha kukhala omasuka kuthamangitsa liwiro lawo pomwe pali masiwiro ambiri oti apite,” adatero Young. Mgwirizano wapakati pa liwiro la kugunda ndi mphamvu yakugunda sikuli mzere, kotero kukankhira liwiro pang’ono kumatha kukhala ndi zotulukapo zowopsa, adatero, akulozera pazomwe zapeza.

Anthu ena ogula amatha kuona speedometer yapamwamba ngati malo ogulitsa, chifukwa zimasonyeza kuti dalaivala ali ndi galimoto yamphamvu kwambiri.

Ma Speedometer ambiri asinthira ku chiwonetsero cha digito, chomwe chimangowonetsa kuthamanga kwagalimoto komwe kuli pano. Apple ikuphatikizanso mawonekedwe otere mu CarPlay yake yopereka. Apple yakana kuyankhapo pankhaniyi.

The Apple Carplay speedometer imaphatikizapo malire a liwiro la 160 mph mu mtundu umodzi.The Apple Carplay speedometer imaphatikizapo malire a liwiro la 160 mph mu mtundu umodzi.

Pambuyo pa Claybrook, atsogoleri achitetezo amagalimoto adatembenukira kunjira zina kuti athe kuthana ndi liwiro.

NHTSA idayambitsa kampeni sabata ino, Speeding Wrecks Lives, yomwe cholinga chake ndikusintha momwe anthu amaonera liwiro.

Zimaphatikizapo $ 8 miliyoni pazotsatsa zapa TV zomwe zimayang’ana madalaivala azaka zapakati pa 18 ndi 44, omwe amatha kutenga nawo gawo pakuchulukitsa ngozi zakupha, malinga ndi NHTSA.

“Mnyamatayu anali kuthamangira pang’ono malire a liwiro,” akutero wolemba nkhaniyo, akuwonetsa dalaivalayo, asanadutse mfuti ya mwana m’chipatala. “Yang’anani kuwonongeka.”

Panali anthu 11,258 omwe afa pangozi zokhudzana ndi liwiro mu 2020, malinga ndi deta ya NHTSA.

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