Kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti njira zothandizira zaumoyo zikulephera kwa anthu aku America

Mayi yemwe akuthandizidwa ndi COVID-19 agwira dzanja la mwamuna wake kuchipatala ku Shreveport, No. , mu 2021. Akuluakulu ambiri amene anafunsidwa ku United States amati chisamaliro chaumoyo sichimachitidwa bwino m’dzikolo. (Chithunzi cha AP / Gerald Herbert)

WASHINGTON – Emmanuel Openg Dankwa akuda nkhawa ndi nyumba yake yobwereketsa ku New York City, nthawi zina amachedwa kudzaza mankhwala ake a kuthamanga kwa magazi.

“Ngati kulibe ndalama, kulibwino kusiya mankhwalawo ndikusowa pokhala,” adatero Obeng Dankwa, wazaka 58 zakubadwa.

Iye ndi m’modzi mwa akuluakulu aku US omwe akuti chithandizo chamankhwala sichimathandizidwa bwino mdzikolo, malinga ndi kafukufuku watsopano wa Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Kafukufukuyu adawonetsa kuti kukhutitsidwa kwa anthu ndi machitidwe azachipatala aku US ndikotsika kwambiri, ndipo ochepera theka la aku America akuti akuchiritsidwa bwino. Ndi 12% yokha yomwe idati idasamalidwa bwino kapena bwino kwambiri. Anthu aku America ali ndi malingaliro ofanana pazaumoyo kwa achikulire.

Ponseponse, anthu amapereka ziwerengero zotsika za momwe amagwiritsira ntchito mtengo wa mankhwala olembedwa, ubwino wa chisamaliro m’nyumba zosungirako okalamba ndi chisamaliro chamaganizo, ndi 6% kapena zochepa zomwe zimanena kuti ntchito zaumoyozi zikuyenda bwino kwambiri m’dzikoli.

A. anati. Mark Fendrick, mkulu wa University of Michigan Center for Value-Based Insurance Design: “Kuyendetsa kayendetsedwe ka zaumoyo ku America kumakhumudwitsa kwambiri.” “Mliri wa COVID wakulitsa kwambiri.”

Patadutsa zaka ziwiri za mliriwu, kutopa kwa ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo komanso kuchepa kwa antchito akuvutitsa zipatala m’dziko lonselo. Fendrick adati anthu aku America akadali ndi vuto lopeza chithandizo chamankhwala payekha pambuyo poti zipatala zakhazikitsa ziletso pomwe COVID-19 idapha ndikudwalitsa anthu mamiliyoni m’dziko lonselo.

Ndipotu kafukufukuyu akusonyeza kuti anthu ambiri a ku America, pafupifupi 8 mwa anthu 10 alionse, amanena kuti ali ndi nkhawa kuti apeze chithandizo chamankhwala chabwino akachifuna.

Akuluakulu akuda ndi a Latino makamaka akuda nkhawa kwambiri ndi mwayi wopeza chithandizo chamankhwala, ndi 6 mwa 10 akunena kuti ali ndi nkhawa kwambiri kapena akuda nkhawa kwambiri ndi kupeza chithandizo chabwino. Osakwana theka la akulu oyera, 44%, adawonetsanso momwe amadera nkhawa.

Kusiyana mafuko kwavutitsa kwanthaŵi yaitali dongosolo la zaumoyo ku America. Zakhala zoonekeratu pa nthawi ya mliri wa COVID-19, popeza anthu akuda ndi a Hispanics akumwalira mosagwirizana ndi kachilomboka. Amuna akuda ndi aku Latino amawerengeranso kuchuluka kwa matenda aposachedwa a nyani.

Amayi 53 pa 100 aliwonse ananena kuti anali ndi nkhawa kwambiri kapena akuda nkhawa kuti adzalandira chisamaliro chabwino, poyerekeza ndi 42 peresenti ya amuna.

Ngakhale kuti Achimerika ali ogwirizana pakusakhutira kwawo ndi kayendetsedwe ka zaumoyo, msonkhanowu umatha pamene zifika pa njira zothetsera vutoli.

Pafupifupi magawo awiri mwa magawo atatu a akuluakulu amakhulupirira kuti ndi udindo wa boma kuonetsetsa kuti anthu onse a ku America ali ndi chithandizo chamankhwala, ndipo akuluakulu azaka zapakati pa 18 ndi 49 ali ndi mwayi woti akhale ndi maganizo amenewa kuposa omwe ali ndi zaka zoposa 50. Chiwerengero cha anthu omwe amakhulupirira kuti chithandizo chamankhwala ndi udindo wa boma chakwera kuchokera pa 57% mu 2019 ndi 62% mu 2017.

Komabe, palibe mgwirizano wa momwe mungachitire izi.

Pafupifupi 4 mwa 10 aku America akuti amathandizira njira yothandizira odwala omwe amalipira kamodzi komwe amafuna kuti anthu aku America apeze inshuwaransi yazaumoyo kuchokera ku dongosolo la boma. Ndipo opitilira 58% akuti amakonda inshuwaransi yaumoyo ya boma yomwe aliyense angagule.

Palinso thandizo lalikulu la mfundo zomwe zingathandize anthu aku America kulipirira chisamaliro chanthawi yayitali, kuphatikiza ndondomeko ya inshuwaransi ya Medicare yoyendetsedwa ndi boma, komanso inshuwaransi yaumoyo ya boma ya anthu azaka 65 kapena kuposerapo.

Namwino wopuma pantchito Penny Wright, waku Camden, Tennessee, sakonda lingaliro la kayendetsedwe ka zaumoyo koyendetsedwa ndi boma.

Atasinthira ku Medicare chaka chino, adadabwa kuchoka paulendo wake wapachaka wa Well Woman, womwe udali ndi dongosolo lake la inshuwaransi, ndi chindapusa cha $200 cha mammograms ndi Pap smears.

Amakonda kusinthasintha komwe anali nako mu dongosolo lake la inshuwaransi.

“Ndimamva ngati tili ndi chithandizo chabwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo tili ndi chisankho cha komwe tikufuna kupita,” adatero Wright.

Ambiri aku America, pafupifupi magawo awiri pa atatu aliwonse, anali okondwa kuwona boma likuchitapo kanthu kuti lipereke mayeso aulere a COVID-19, katemera ndi chithandizo. Pafupifupi anthu awiri mwa 10 alionse sankalowerera ndale pa zimene boma linanena.

Ndalama zaboma zoyesa zaulere za COVID-19 zidayima kumayambiriro kwa mwezi. Ndipo pomwe White House ikuti gulu lomaliza la zolimbikitsa za COVID-19 likhala laulere kwa aliyense amene akufuna, ilibe ndalama zogulira kuwombera kwamtsogolo kwa America aliyense.

Makumi asanu ndi atatu mwa anthu 100 aliwonse amati amachirikiza kukambirana kwa boma la feduro pankhani yotsitsa mitengo ya mankhwala. M’chilimwe chino, Purezidenti Joe Biden adasaina chikalata chofunikira kuti chikhale lamulo lolola Medicare kukambirana zamtengo wamankhwala omwe amaperekedwa ndi dotolo. Kusunthaku kukuyembekezeka kupulumutsa okhometsa msonkho mpaka $100 biliyoni pazaka khumi zikubwerazi.

“Ndalama zogulira mankhwala ziyenera kukhala zotsika, kuti aliyense athe kuzigula,” anatero Obeng Dankwa, wochita lendi ku Bronx yemwe amaona kuti n’zovuta kulipirira mankhwala ake. “Osauka ayenera kupeza chithandizo chamankhwala chofunikira chomwe amafunikira, monga momwe amachitira munthu yemwe ali ndi ndalama zolipirira.”

window.___gcfg = {lang: ‘en-US’};
(function(w, d, s) {
function go(){
var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], load = function(url, id) {
if (d.getElementById(id)) {return;}
js = d.createElement(s); js.src = url; js.id = id;
fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);
};
load(‘//connect.facebook.net/en/all.js#xfbml=1’, ‘fbjssdk’);
load(‘https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js’, ‘gplus1js’);
load(‘//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js’, ‘tweetjs’);
}
if (w.addEventListener) { w.addEventListener(“load”, go, false); }
else if (w.attachEvent) { w.attachEvent(“onload”,go); }
}(window, document, ‘script’));

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.