Dipatimenti Yaboma ipempha Khothi Lalikulu ku US kuti limve mkangano wa inshuwaransi yazaumoyo

Woyimira milandu wamkulu ku North Carolina, Josh Stein, wapereka zikalata zolimbikitsa Khothi Lalikulu ku US kuti limve mkangano wokhudza ndalama za inshuwaransi zomwe zimaperekedwa kwa anthu opuma pantchito m’boma.

Boma likuyembekeza kuti khothi lalikulu kwambiri mdzikolo lisintha chigamulo cha Khothi Lalikulu ku North Carolina pa Marichi 11. Oweruza aboma adagamula 4-2 kuti anthu 220,000 omwe adapuma pantchito m’boma ali ndi ufulu wolandira chithandizo chaulere chomwe adalonjeza.

Khoti Lalikulu m’boma likanati libweze mlanduwo kwa woweruza mlanduwo kuti apitirize kuukambirana.

“Mlanduwu umafunsa ngati mayiko angapereke phindu kwa nzika zawo pomwe akukhalabe ndi mwayi wosintha mapinduwo mtsogolomu,” malinga ndi zomwe Stein adalembera Khothi Lalikulu la US. “Mwachindunji, kuwunikanso kwa khothi lino ndikofunikira kuti kumveketse bwino ngati maufulu a chigamulo cha mgwirizano angabwere kuchokera ku ‘zoyembekeza’ chabe, ngakhale poyang’anizana ndi malamulo okhudzana ndi kusinthaku.”

Kusintha kwa malamulo a boma mchaka cha 2011 kunalepheretsa anthu opuma pantchito kuti apitirizebe kulembetsa ndondomeko ya inshuwalansi ya umoyo yaulere yomwe inapereka 80% ya mtengo wa chithandizo chaumoyo kwa inshuwaransi ndi 20% kwa omwe ali ndi inshuwaransi. Kuti mukhalebe pa ndondomekoyi, lamulo losinthidwa limafuna kuti opuma pantchito azilipira ndalama zatsopano.

Kusintha kumeneku kunapangitsa kuti gulu la anthu opuma pantchito a boma aimbidwe mlandu. Otsutsawo adanena kuti boma linalonjeza kuti lipereka chithandizo chaumoyo kwa anthu opuma pantchito popanda malipiro. Boma lidayankha kuti lamulo la boma limapereka ufulu wa msonkhano waukulu wosintha chithandizo chaumoyo.

Pempho la a Stein ku Khoti Lalikulu ku United States likusonyeza kusiyana maganizo m’dziko lonselo pamene makhoti amachitiranso milandu ngati imeneyi.

“Ofunsidwa samatsutsa kuti pali chisokonezo chenicheni pakati pa makhoti ang’onoang’ono pa funso lofunikali,” malinga ndi chidule cha boma. “M’malo mwake, amanena kuti gawo la mgwirizano liyenera kukhala ndi malo osiyana m’mayiko osiyanasiyana. Makamaka, omwe akuimbidwa mlanduwo amanena kuti zomwe zili mu mgwirizano wa mgwirizanowu zimakhala ngati malamulo a boma.”

“Koma khothi lino lakhala likunena momveka bwino kwa zaka zopitirira zana kuti pansi pa chigamulo cha makontrakitala, funso ngati mgwirizano ulipo ndi lamulo la federal,” NC Brief inapitiriza. “Poganizira mmene mkangano umenewu unalili m’boma, chigamulo chili m’munsichi chinalakwa pokana pempho la khoti limeneli
Chitsanzo cha nthawi yaitali chakuti ufulu wosintha ndimeyo umalepheretsa kupanga ufulu pansi pa mgwirizano wa mgwirizano. “

“Kuphatikiza apo, pali kugawikana kwakukulu komanso kozama kwambiri pakati pa makhothi ang’onoang’ono pa zotsatira za ndime ya Ufulu Wokonzanso,” adatero Stein. “Ngakhale omwe akufunsidwa amayesa kusiyanitsa pakati pa milandu kumbali zonse ziwiri zagawidwe, chowona ndichoti makhothi ang’onoang’ono ambiri amavomereza.
Kuti ufulu wokonza chiganizo ndi cholepheretsa kuti chigamulo cha chigamulo chikhale cholepheretsa – pamene Khoti Lalikulu la North Carolina, Khoti Lalikulu la Minnesota, ndi First Circuit satero.”

Mlanduwu unayamba mu 2012 ndi otsutsa akuluakulu 26, motsogozedwa ndi Khothi Lalikulu la Supreme Court Justice Beverly Lake wopuma pantchito. Umboni wa zochitika pamodzi mu 2016 unakulitsa mndandanda wa otsutsa. Lake, wotsutsa wamkulu, adamwalira mu 2019.

Challengers amatsutsa lamulo la 2011 lomwe limalola bungwe la zaumoyo ku boma kuti lizilipiritsa ogwira ntchito m’boma komanso opuma pantchito mwezi uliwonse kuti apeze chithandizo chamankhwala chokhazikika, chomwe chimatchedwa dongosolo laumoyo wanthawi zonse. Otsutsawo akuti boma laphwanya mgwirizano wawo kuti liwapatse inshuwalansi ya umoyo popanda malipiro.

Iwo akufuna kuti boma liyambenso kubweza ndalama zaulere ndikuwabwezera ndalama zomwe adalipira.

Opumawo adapambana koyamba m’bwalo lamilandu mu Meyi 2017, koma Khothi Loona za Apilo ku North Carolina lidasintha chigamulo cha woweruzayo ndikugamula motsutsana ndi omwe adapuma pantchito mu 2019.

Mlanduwu udachedwetsedwa kwa nthawi yayitali pomwe Khothi Lalikulu linkafuna kudziwa ngati lingakhale ndi oweruza okwanira kuti azitha kumva mlanduwo.

Khothi la Januware 2021 lidawonetsa kuti asanu mwa oweruza asanu ndi awiri a Khothi Lalikulu lamilandu ali ndi “mabanja omwe ali ndi gawo lachitatu lamagazi kapena ukwati ndipo mwina ali kapena angakhale a gulu la wodandaula.”

Khoti Lalikulu Kwambiri linavomereza mu Ogasiti 2021 kuti lipitilize mlanduwo, ponena za “lamulo lofunikira”. Oweruza anamva zotsutsana zapakamwa October watha.

Mlanduwu ukhoza kukhala ndi zotsatira zochepa kuposa omwe akutsutsa panopa. Lamulo la boma la 2017 linathetsa mapindu a umoyo wopuma pantchito kwa wogwira ntchito m’boma aliyense amene walembedwa ntchito panopa komanso mtsogolo.

Komabe, kugamula mokomera anthu opuma pantchito kungawonjezere ndalama zina pazaumoyo wa boma. Ofesi ya Treasurer wa State Del Fulwell imayang’anira dongosolo laumoyo. Fullwell anachenjeza kuti ndondomekoyi ikukumana ndi kuchepa kwa ndalama za madola mabiliyoni ambiri.

Khothi Lalikulu ku United States lakonza zoti limve pa 28 September kuti limve kapena ayi. Oweruza 4 pa khoti la anthu asanu ndi anayi adzafunsidwa kuti avote inde pamlanduwo kuti alowe nawo muzokambirana za Khoti Lalikulu.

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