Opanga malamulo a demokalase abweza ‘Bill of Rights’ kwa ogwira ntchito yosamalira kunyumba ku Colorado

Okonza gulu loimira ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo ku Colado adati Lachiwiri kuti opanga malamulo opitilira 50 ndi oyimira malamulo adasaina kuti athandizire chitetezo chowonjezereka komanso zopindulitsa kwa ogwira ntchito m’makampani omwe amalimbikitsa kuti ndizovuta kwambiri.

Lamulo la Home Care Workers Rights Act limaphatikizapo malipiro apamwamba ndi zopindulitsa, chitetezo ku kubedwa kwa malipiro ndi kuzunzidwa, ndi “mphamvu zopangira zisankho” za antchito. Ngakhale kuti malamulowo sanakwaniritsidwebe, chisankho chapakati pa 2022 chisanachitike komanso gawo lamilandu la chaka chamawa, omenyera ufulu wawo akuyembekeza kuti posachedwa awona zotsatira zazaka zokonzekera m’malo mwa ogwira ntchito yosamalira anthu pafupifupi 60,000 ku Colorado.

“Tamva mobwerezabwereza za zovuta zomwe ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo amakumana nazo,” Senator Faith Winter, Democrat wochokera ku Thornton, adatero pamwambo womwe uli pamasitepe a Colorado Capitol Lachiwiri. “Malipiro otsika. Mikhalidwe yoipa. Kuba ndalama. Makampani omwe samawachitira chilungamo.”

Pezani mitu yam’mawa kubokosi lanu

Zima, pamodzi ndi opanga malamulo a Democratic, mamembala a Colorado Care Workers Union ndi magulu ena ogwira ntchito, akufotokoza zomwe adakumana nazo posachedwa pofuna wogwira ntchito yosamalira kunyumba. Anthu opitilira 70% azikhala ndi chisamaliro chakunyumba nthawi ina m’miyoyo yawo, malinga ndi Colorado Health Institute.

“Ayenera kuchitiridwa chikondi chofanana, chifundo chofanana, ndi ulemu womwewo umene amasonyezera aliyense wa ife,” iye anatero. “Tikukonzekera kubwereranso kumsonkhanowu chaka chamawa, titenge zomwe tanena ndikuzisintha kukhala ndondomeko.”

Cassandra Matthews, wogwirizira CCWU, wakhala zaka zoposa 23 ngati wogwira ntchito yosamalira kunyumba. Adalimbana ndi misozi Lachiwiri pomwe adafotokoza momwe amagwirira ntchito ndipo pamapeto pake adamutulutsa pantchitoyo.

Anthu amatifunsa kuti, n’chifukwa chiyani timakhalabe m’makampani amenewa? …ndichifukwa timaphunzira kukonda makasitomala athu.

– Cassandra Matthews, waku Colorado Care Workers Unite

“Ndinali kugwira ntchito maola 16 patsiku kuti ndisamalire mabanja a anthu ena, ndipo ndinalibe nthaŵi yokwanira yosamalira ndekha,” iye anatero. “Si bwino.”

“Anthu amatifunsa, chifukwa chiyani timakhalabe pantchitoyi?” Matthews anawonjezera. “Izi ndichifukwa timaphunzira kukonda makasitomala athu.”

Pafupifupi 90% mwa ogwira ntchito yosamalira kunyumba 2.3 miliyoni ku United States ndi akazi, ndipo 62% ndi anthu amitundu, malinga ndi bungwe lopanda phindu la Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute. Amapereka chisamaliro kwa odwala osiyanasiyana, kuyambira kwa ana ndi akulu olumala mpaka okalamba omwe ali ndi matenda a dementia kapena Alzheimer’s. Koma ngakhale ndi gawo lofunikira pazachipatala, ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo nthawi zambiri amakhala opanda inshuwaransi yawoyawo, ndipo nthawi zambiri sakhala ndi tchuthi chotsimikizika chodwala kapena tchuthi cholipidwa.

Mu 2021, Bwanamkubwa Jared Polis ndi opanga malamulo aku Colorado adavomereza gawo la bajeti lomwe likufuna kuti ogwira ntchito yosamalira nyumba omwe amalipidwa ndi boma azilipira ndalama zosachepera $ 15 pa ola limodzi, koma oyimira milandu akuti pakufunika zambiri, makamaka chifukwa kufunikira kwa chisamaliro chapakhomo kukuyembekezeka kupitiliza kukula.

Olemba anthu m’boma akuyerekeza mu 2019 kuti Colorado ndi dziko lachitatu lokalamba kwambiri mdziko muno, pomwe anthu omwe ali ndi zaka zopitilira 65 akuyembekezeka kuwonjezeka pafupifupi 50% pakati pa 2018 ndi 2030. Akatswiri akuti antchito masauzande ambiri akufunika Mu chisamaliro chowonjezera kuti alipire . kusiyana kwake.

Kuphatikiza pa zovuta za mliri wa COVID-19, ogwira ntchito yosamalira odwala ndi owalimbikitsa akudzudzula chifukwa chachikulu chomwe makampaniwa amawathandizira omwe amalimbikitsidwa kuti awonjezere kubweza ndalama kuchokera kwa ma inshuwaransi azaumoyo pomwe akuchepetsa malipiro ndi zopindulitsa za antchito awo. Malipoti okhudza kubedwa kwa malipiro ndi kuphwanya ntchito zina ndizofala.

“Makampaniwa amalipira ndalama zamakampani a inshuwaransi ndipo sapereka kwa ogwira ntchito yosamalira kunyumba,” adatero Matthews.

Pokhala ndi chiwongola dzanja ndi kuchepa kwa ntchito pamlingo wovuta kwambiri, oyimira milandu akuti ndi nthawi yoti opanga malamulo akhazikitse malamulo omwe samangowonjezera chitetezo cha ogwira ntchito koma amawapatsa mawu popanga tsogolo la gawo lofunikira la chisamaliro chaumoyo.

“Pakadali pano, zisankho zamakampani azachipatala zimapangidwa ndi omwe amapeza phindu,” adatero Melissa Benjamin, yemwe kale anali wogwira ntchito yosamalira komanso wokonza CCWU. “Ndi nthawi yoti akatswiri enieni, komanso ogwira ntchito yosamalira, akhale mbali ya chisankho, kotero tikhoza kumanga makampani osamalira omwe amagwira ntchito ku Coloradans tsopano ndi m’tsogolomu.”

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