Umphawi ndi omwe alibe chitetezo akutsika, chifukwa cha ndondomeko za nthawi ya mliri: kuwombera

Anthu ongodzipereka amapereka madzi ndi zinthu zina kwa anthu osowa pokhala ku Los Angeles. Chiwopsezo cha umphawi chinatsika mu 2021 chifukwa cha njira za mliri, koma olimbikitsa umphawi akuwopa kuti adzaukanso popanda izi.

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Bisani mawu ofotokozera

Kusintha kwa mawu

Zithunzi za Mario Tama / Getty

Anthu ongodzipereka amapereka madzi ndi zinthu zina kwa anthu osowa pokhala ku Los Angeles. Chiwopsezo cha umphawi chinatsika mu 2021 chifukwa cha njira za mliri, koma olimbikitsa umphawi akuwopa kuti adzaukanso popanda izi.

Zithunzi za Mario Tama / Getty

Census Bureau yatulutsa nkhani zolimbikitsa Lachiwiri.

Umphawi wa ana watsika kwambiri, malinga ndi lipoti la pachaka labungwe lokhudza ndalama, umphawi ndi inshuwalansi ya umoyo. Chiwopsezo cha anthu aku America omwe alibe inshuwaransi yazaumoyo adatsikanso mu 2021 poyerekeza ndi chaka chatha.

Koma uthenga wabwino ungakhale wosakhalitsa. Zopindulitsa zonsezi zidayendetsedwa ndi mfundo zosakhalitsa zokhudzana ndi mliriwu, ndipo popanda opanga mfundo, amatha kuwulula mwachangu.

Ngongole ya Misonkho ya Ana ndiyo Mfungulo Yochepetsera Umphawi

Umphawi wa ana unatsika kwambiri mu 2021, kuchoka pa 9.7% mu 2020 kufika pa 5.2%. Umphawi wonse wamagulu onse udali wochepera 8% – kutsika kuchokera pa 9.2% mu 2020.

Ziwerengerozi zimachokera ku Supplemental Poverty Scale, yomwe imaganizira mitundu yonse ya ndalama zomwe mabanja amapeza, komanso gulu la mliri wothandizira mabanja ambiri omwe analandira.

Akatswiri pazaumphawi akuti zambiri zakusinthaku ndi ngongole yamisonkho ya ana yomwe Congress idakulitsa mu 2021 pakubweza ngongole ku US. Bungwe la Congress lachikulitsanso kuti liphatikizepo mamiliyoni a mabanja ena omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa.

Ngongole ya msonkho wa ana imapatsa mabanja ndalama zambiri zoti azigwiritsa ntchito pazinthu zofunika, akutero Sharon Barrott, yemwe adafufuza nkhaniyi ku Center for Budget and Policy Priorities.

“Amawononga ndalamazo pogula nyumba, chakudya, maphunziro, ndipo amatha kuchita zinthu zina zapasukulu zomwe mabanja opeza ndalama zambiri amaziona mopepuka,” akutero. “Akuika ndalama mwa ana awo ndipo mabanja awo amatha kupeza zofunika pamoyo wawo.”

Zinthu zonsezi, akutero Parrott, zingakhale zothandiza kwa nthaŵi yaitali kwa ana, monga sukulu yabwino ndi thanzi labwino.

Mtengo wopanda inshuwaransi pafupi ndi mbiri yotsika, chifukwa cha Medicaid

Ziwerengero za kalembera zikuwonetsa kuti 8.3% ya aku America — kapena anthu 27.2 miliyoni – analibe inshuwaransi yazaumoyo mu 2021. Ndiko kusintha kuchokera ku 2020, pomwe 8.6% ya anthu analibe inshuwaransi.

Zomwe zimayambitsa izi ndi Medicaid, njira ya inshuwaransi yazaumoyo kwa anthu omwe amalandila ndalama zochepa, malinga ndi akuluakulu a ziwerengero omwe adauza atolankhani Lachiwiri.

“Chomwe chikuchulukirachulukira mitengo ya Medicaid ndi bili yothandizira ku COVID yomwe idaperekedwa ndi Congress mu Marichi 2020,” akutero Sabrina Corlett wa ku Georgetown University’s Center for Health Insurance Reforms.

Coronavirus Response in Families Act idalamula kuti mapulogalamu a boma a Medicare asakakamize olembetsa kuti ayenererenso pulogalamuyi – chifukwa chake mayiko atha kulembetsa anthu atsopano popanda kuthamangitsa aliyense. Chifukwa cha “kulembetsa mosalekeza,” Medicaid yakula kwambiri.

Mbali ina yakukula inali Medicare, ngakhale akuluakulu a Census adanena kuti izi zidachitika chifukwa cha anthu ambiri omwe afika zaka 65 ndikukhala oyenerera, osati chifukwa cha kusintha kwa ndondomeko.

Zomwe zimachitika pamene miyeso ya mliri imatha

Akatswiri a ndondomeko amati uthenga wabwino wa sabata ino ukhoza kukhala wosakhalitsa. Ngongole yamisonkho ya ana yowonjezereka idatha mu Disembala, pomwe kukwera kwamitengo kudayamba kukwera mpaka kulembetsa. Ndondomeko yomwe imathandizira anthu ambiri kupeza inshuwaransi yazaumoyo yakhazikitsidwa m’miyezi ingapo.

“Zikadziwika kuti zadzidzidzi zathanzi – zomwe zitha kuyambira Januware – ukonde wachitetezo womwe udali mubilu yothandizira ya COVID utha,” akutero Corlett. “Ndiye titha kuwona chiwonetsero chaziwonjezeko zambiri za anthu omwe ali ndi inshuwaransi.”

Anthu opitilira 15 miliyoni atha kutaya Medicaid, malinga ndi zomwe dipatimenti ya zaumoyo ndi Human Services idatulutsa mwezi watha. Kusanthula kukuwonetsa kuti pafupifupi theka la omwe ataya kufalitsa adzakhala chifukwa cha nkhani zoyang’anira – monga zovuta pakudzaza mapepala kuti alembenso – osati chifukwa sakuyeneranso kuthandizidwa. Ena adzatha kupeza chithandizo kwina, koma mamiliyoni ena angakhale opanda inshuwalansi.

Pankhani ya umphawi, kukwera kwa mitengo kungayambe kukhudza mitengoyi. M’malo mwake, gulu limodzi lomwe likuwona kale umphawi wambiri mu 2021 ndi okalamba. Akuluakulu a kalembera ati izi zikuchitika chifukwa iwo ndi omwe amapeza ndalama zokhazikika, ndipo kukwera kwa mitengo ya chaka chatha kudayamba kale kukwera, zomwe zikuyika kale chitsenderezo pamabajeti awo.

Koma kachiwiri, owerengera adatsindika kuti Social Security yachotsa anthu 26 miliyoni muumphawi, ndipo izi zikuphatikizapo ana mamiliyoni angapo oleredwa ndi agogo.

Momwe mungagwirire zopindulitsa kwakanthawi

Ponena za zomwe zikuchitika ku US pakapita nthawi, manambala owerengera Lachiwiri pa umphawi wa ana ndi inshuwaransi yazaumoyo akulimbikitsa, akatswiri akutero, ndipo tsopano zili kwa opanga mfundo kuti achitepo kanthu kuti ateteze zomwe apeza.

“Zosintha zilizonse zomwe timawona – kaya ndi inshuwaransi kapena umphawi – ndikuwonetsa zosankha,” akutero Jamila Michener, pulofesa wa boma ku Cornell University komanso katswiri wa Medicaid.

Boma la Biden ndi ma Democrat ambiri akufuna kuti ngongole zamisonkho za ana zomwe zakulitsidwa zikhale zokhazikika. Nyumba ya Oyimilira ku US idachita izi koma sizinakhale mu Senate. Maseneta angapo aku Republican apereka njira zochepa zowonjezerera ngongole ya msonkho wa ana.

“Zomwe sitikudziwa ndizochita malonda,” akutero Angela Rashidi, mkulu wa bungwe la American Enterprise Institute. “Tikudziwa kuti kukwera kwa inflation kwakula kwambiri m’chaka chatha. Kodi kusamutsidwa kwa ndalama za boma zonsezi kwathandizira bwanji, ndikuganiza, ndi funso lotseguka.”

Ofufuza ena amawona kuti United States ili ndi njira yayitali yoti ipitirire pokhudzana ndi phindu pazaumoyo ndi inshuwalansi, poyerekeza ndi mayiko omwe ali ndi ndalama zambiri.

“[Among] Corlett akunena kuti m’mayiko anzathu, tili ndi chiwerengero chapamwamba kwambiri cha universities padziko lonse lapansi komanso zotsatira za thanzi labwino. Ili linali vuto kwa ife ngakhale mliri usanachitike.

Kafukufuku wochititsa chidwi mu 2013 adawonetsa njira zambiri zomwe anthu aku America alibe thanzi labwino kapena moyo wautali monga momwe amachitira anthu a m’maiko olemera.

Chitsanzo chimodzi chodabwitsa cha izi chinabwera mu ziwerengero zatsopano za moyo wabwino zomwe zinatulutsidwa masabata awiri apitawo. Mayiko padziko lonse lapansi adatsika kwambiri zaka zomwe anthu amakhala ndi moyo pambuyo pa chaka choyamba cha mliriwu, koma ambiri adachira.

America sanatero – m’malo mwake nthawi ya moyo yatsika kwa zaka ziwiri zotsatizana, nthawi yoyamba izi zachitika ku US m’zaka zana.

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