Mtengo woyendetsera ndi kulipiritsa galimoto yamagetsi

Ngakhale kuti ndizotsika mtengo kuti zigwire ntchito kuposa anzawo omwe ali ndi magetsi, magalimoto ena amagetsi amapulumutsa eni ndalama zambiri podutsa mapampu amafuta kuposa ena. Zachuma kwambiri pankhaniyi zitha kuwononga eni ake pafupifupi $ 500 pachaka kuti ayendetse ma 15,000 mailosi, kutengera momwe amagwiritsira ntchito mphamvu zawo pansi pamikhalidwe yabwino, pomwe zitha kuwirikiza kawiri ndi mitundu yocheperako.

Monga momwe zilili ndi galimoto yamtundu uliwonse, galimotoyo ikakhala yaikulu komanso yolemera kwambiri, imafunikanso kukhala ndi mphamvu zambiri kuti ipitirire kuyenda, ndipo mwina mwaonapo kuti magalimoto ambiri amagetsi masiku ano, makamaka ma pickup oyendetsa mabatire omwe amapita pamsewu, ndi maulendo aakulu kwambiri. Zomwe zimalemetsa mapaketi akulu akulu a batri.

Izi zimaipiraipira chifukwa chakuti magalimoto amagetsi sagwira ntchito bwino pamayendedwe apamsewu kuposa momwe amachitira mumzinda, ndipo amawononga mphamvu ya batri mofulumira kutentha kwambiri; Izi zikhoza kukhala paliponse kuchokera pa 25 mpaka 40 peresenti yocheperapo pamtunda pamene mukulipira nyengo yozizira ndi chowotcha chikuyenda. Momwemonso, galimoto yamagetsi kapena SUV imadutsa ma kilowatts mwachangu pokoka bwato kapena ngolo. Kuwerengera kwacharge-status gauge kumatsika kwambiri pomwe madalaivala amakankhira chowongolera pansi kuti agwiritse ntchito torque yagalimoto yamagetsi kuti ayambitse ngati roketi.

Pano pali mndandanda wa magalimoto amagetsi a 10 omwe ali ndi “MPGE” yofanana ndi “MPGE” ndi mtengo wapachaka woyendetsa makilomita a 15,000 mumsewu wophatikizana ndi misewu, malinga ndi Environmental Protection Agency, pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi omwe ali ndi ndalama zokwana madola 0.13 pa kilowatt. -ola lamagetsi.

  1. Tesla Model 3: 132 MPGE (mafuta apachaka $500)
  2. Lucid Air: 131 mailosi pa galoni ($ 500)
  3. Tesla Model Y: 129 MP ($500)
  4. Hyundai Kona: 120 mpg ($550)
  5. Chevrolet Bolt EV: 120 mpg ($550)
  6. Tesla Model S: 120 mpg ($550)
  7. Toyota bZ4X: 119 mpg ($550)
  8. Kia EV6: 117 mpg ($550)
  9. Chevrolet Bolt EUV: 115 mpg ($550)
  10. Hyundai Ionic 5: 114 mpg ($600)

Ndipo awa ndi “ma kilowatts owonjezera mphamvu,” kutengera mavoti awo a EPA, pozindikira zokongoletsa:

  1. Audi e-tron S: 63 MPGE (mafuta apachaka amawononga $1,000)
  2. Audi e-tron S Sportback: 65 mpg ($1,000)
  3. Ford F-150 Platinamu Yowala: 66 MP ($1,000)
  4. Rivian R15: 69 mpg ($950)
  5. Porsche Taycan Turbo S: 70MP ($950)
  6. Rivian R1T: 70 MP ($950)
  7. BMW iX M60: 77 MP ($ 850)
  8. BMW i4 M50 Gran Coupe: 80 MPGe (850)
  9. Ford Mustang Mach-E GT Magwiridwe: 82 mpg ($800)
  10. Volvo XC40 Yowonjezera: 85MP ($750)

Mosasamala kanthu za galimoto yamagetsi yomwe dalaivala wina amasankha, mtengo wa kulipiritsa kunyumba ndi wotsika kwambiri kusiyana ndi kulipiritsa pamalo opangira anthu, omwe amakhalabe ochepa poyerekeza ndi malo opangira mafuta. Itha kulipiritsidwa kudzera pakhoma la 110V, lomwe limadziwika mubizinesi ngati 1, koma zimatha kutenga maola 30 kuti muwonjezerenso mtundu wotalikirapo pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

Njira yabwino yopitira ndikugwiritsa ntchito madola mazana angapo kuti muyike mzere wodzipatulira wa 240V mu garaja pamodzi ndi zomwe zimatchedwa zida zolipiritsa za mlingo 2. Sizotsika mtengo, koma ndalama zowonjezera zowonjezera zidzalipidwa potengera nthawi yothamanga kwambiri. Kuthamanga kwa Level 2 kumawonjezera pafupifupi 20, 30 mailosi kapena kuposerapo pa ola, ngakhale kuti nthawi yolipiritsa imatha nthawi yayitali kutentha kukazizira. Ma EV ambiri amatha kuwonjezeredwanso usiku umodzi kudzera pa zida za Tier 2, zomwe zitha kuchotsera pokoka magetsi pagululi pakanthawi kochepa, kutengera wopereka. Mayiko ena amapereka mapulogalamu othandizira kukhazikitsa malo opangira zolipirira nyumba kukhala zotsika mtengo, ndipo Chevrolet ikusankha tsamba la omwe akugula Bolt EV kapena Bolt EUV yatsopano.

Malinga ndi tsamba la Environmental Protection Agency la fueleconomy.com, zidzatengera eni ake $3.84 kuyendetsa Chevrolet Bolt EUV 2022 mailosi 100 pamitengo yamagetsi yomwe ili pamwambapa. Poyerekeza, kupita mtunda womwewo 100 mailosi mu yaing’ono mpweya woyendetsedwa Chevrolet Trailblazer SUV kuti afika 28 mpg zingawononge za $13.40 pa avareji mtengo mafuta.

Zindikirani kuti manambala omwe atchulidwawa ndi magetsi ndi mafuta adziko lonse, zomwe zimasiyana – nthawi zambiri – kuchokera kumayiko ndi mayiko. Webusaiti ya Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imalola ogwiritsa ntchito kusanja zoyerekeza ndi zolipiritsa zakomweko pa ola la kilowatt monga zanenedwera pa bilu yamagetsi. Malinga ndi SelectEnergy.com, anthu aku Hawaii amalipira magetsi okwera kwambiri m’boma $0.45 pa kilowati-ola, kutsatiridwa ndi California ($0.29), Connecticut ($0.25), Maine ($0.24) ndi Alaska ($0.24). Mphamvu ndizotsika mtengo ku Idaho ($0.11), Montana ($0.12) ndi North Carolina ($0.12).

Bungwe la American Council on an Energy-Saving Economics (ACEEE) lili ndi chowerengera cholumikizirana chomwe chingathandize ogula magalimoto amagetsi ndi eni ake kuwerengera ndalama zogwirira ntchito m’maboma awo ndikuziyerekeza ndi mitundu yofananira yamagetsi. Tsoka ilo, chowerengera cha ACEEE sichiganizira za kuchepa kwa mitengo yomwe ingagwire ntchito pakulipiritsa kwambiri kapena kusintha kwanyengo mu gridi yamagetsi, koma amafanana.

Kumbali ina, kutumiza wamba ndi njira yokwera mtengo, ndipo nthawi zambiri imakhala yodalirika. Masiteshoni a Public EV amathandizira ku charger kwa Level 2 komwe tatchula pamwambapa kapena Level 3 charger, yomwe imatchedwanso DC charging. Mupezanso masiteshoni omwe amapereka mitundu yonse iwiri. Amayikidwa m’malo oimika magalimoto ogulitsa, malo oimikapo magalimoto onse, ndi ogulitsa magalimoto atsopano m’mizinda yayikulu kapena pafupi ndi mizinda ikuluikulu, komanso m’malo ambiri osungiramo nyama ndi malo pafupi ndi misewu yayikulu yodutsa anthu ambiri. Eni ake magalimoto amagetsi amatha kupeza malo ochapira kulikonse ku United States kudzera pamasamba ambiri ndi mapulogalamu amafoni.

Mulingo wachiwiri womwe watchulidwa pamwambapa ukadali mtundu wofala kwambiri wacharging, ndipo potengera kuchuluka kwa mtengo, ndi bwino “kulipiritsa” batire ya EV pogula, kudya, kapena kuchita zinthu zina (makamaka popeza malo ena ogulitsa amaletsa kuyimitsa magalimoto awiri okha. maola).

Njira ina yofulumira ndikugwiritsa ntchito siteshoni ya Level 3, yomwe imatchedwanso DC Fast Charging. Kuthamanga kwa Level 3 kumatha kubweretsa batire ya EV yopatsidwa mpaka 80 peresenti ya mphamvu yake pafupifupi mphindi 30-45, kutengera mtundu ndi kuchuluka kwa charger. Kukwera kwamagetsi pang’ono, monga Porsche Taycan, kumatha kutenga mwayi nthawi yolipiritsa mwachangu, koma kungodutsa malo ochepa okhala ndi zida zapadera. Eni ake magalimoto amagetsi akukonzekera ulendo wamsewu adzafuna kukonzekera ulendo wotsatira njira yopita ku malo opangira magetsi a DC, ndipo chofunika kwambiri, mwachiyembekezo, kukhalapo ndikugwira ntchito pakufunika.

Apanso, ndalama zogwiritsira ntchito kulipiritsa anthu zimasiyana malinga ndi boma ndi ma netiweki olipira kumayiko ena, zomalizirazo kuphatikiza ChargePoint, EVgo, Electrify America, ndi netiweki ya Tesla’s Supercharger. Ma charger ena a Level 2 amakhalabe aulere kugwiritsa ntchito, kutengera malo ndi netiweki, koma mayunitsi onse a Level 3 amafunikira kulipira, nthawi zambiri ndi kirediti kadi pochita chilichonse kapena kutsogolo. Mayiko ena amalola maukonde kuti azilipiritsa makasitomala kutengera ma kilowatt-maola amagetsi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, pomwe ena amafuna kuti opereka chithandizo azilipiritsa pa mphindi imodzi.

Mwachitsanzo, Electrify America imawononga $0.43 pa kWh m’maboma ambiri omwe amalola DC kulipiritsa mwachangu mwanjira iyi ($0.31 kuphatikiza $4.00 pamwezi pamembala wa “Pass+”). Pazochitika zomwe zimalamula mtengo wotumizira pakapita nthawi, kuyimba kumatha kufika $0.32 pamphindi. Malinga ndi ziwerengero za EPA, EV wamba amagwiritsa ntchito 34.7 kWh kudutsa mamailo 100, zomwe zikutanthauza $15 pamlingo womwe uli pamwambapa pa kWh, poyerekeza ndi pansi pa $4.00 ndi kulipiritsa kunyumba. Kungoganiza kuti pamafunika magaloni anayi a gasi kuyendetsa mtunda womwewo, zomwe zingawononge mwini galimoto yoyaka mkati pafupifupi mafuta ochulukirapo pamtengo wapadziko lonse wa $3.70 pa galoni iliyonse pagiredi wamba.

Zoonadi, kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi gawo limodzi chabe la ndalama zonse za umwini wa galimoto yamagetsi. Tidayerekeza mitengo yogulira m’mbuyomu, ndipo tiwona momwe mitengo yamakono yagalimoto yamagetsi imayendera malinga ndi inshuwaransi, kukonza, kukonza ndi kutsika kwamitengo, komanso magawo ogwiritsira ntchito, pamalipiro amtsogolo.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.