Zolemba: Mavuto azaumoyo ku US ndi Canada |

Kodi pali chinsinsi chowopsa – kapena chotsutsana – m’magulu amakono kuposa funso lachipatala?

Matupi aumunthu nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mitundu yonse ya mabampu ndi mikwingwirima, kusweka ndi sprains, spasms ndi zina.

Kusuntha kumodzi kolakwika kungatitumize ngakhale athanzi kwambiri kuchipinda changozi komwe, malinga ndi chithandizo chawo, amatha kuchoka ndi bilu yokwera kwambiri.

Ndipo choti tichite pa mabiluwo ndi pachimake pa mkangano wa momwe angaperekere chithandizo chamankhwala.

Nthawi zambiri pamakhala mkangano wochepa woti tilibe ukadaulo wothana ndi zomwe zimativutitsa.

Ukadaulo wamakono wamankhwala umapereka chithandizo chomwe chikadawonedwa ngati chozizwitsa kwa makolo athu akale.

Koma mtengo wamankhwala oterowo ukhoza kudwalitsanso m’mimba, makamaka kuyang’anizana ndi mtengo umenewo popanda inshuwalansi ya umoyo.

Nthawi zambiri njira yothetsera vutoli ndiyo kulinganiza ndalama za inshuwaransi yazaumoyo ya anthu onse ndi mabungwe awo.

Zodabwitsa ndizakuti, mkanganowu nthawi zambiri umaseweredwa pakhomo pathu ndi anthu akuyang’ana kwa anansi athu aku Canada kuti afananize ndi kusiyanitsa madera osiyanasiyana azachipatala.

Ngakhale kuti United States imapereka Medicaid kwa odwala omwe amapeza ndalama zochepa komanso imalola msika wa inshuwaransi wabizinesi, Canada imapereka chithandizo cholipiridwa ndi boma kwa aliyense ndikuletsa kugula inshuwaransi yazaumoyo.

Monga ndi chilichonse m’moyo, pali zabwino ndi zoyipa kwa aliyense. Koma pamene mukuchita ndi chinthu chovuta kwambiri monga moyo wa anthu, maganizo amangobwera pankhaniyi.

Kwa anthu aku Canada, kupeza thandizo ku ofesi ya dokotala si vuto lalikulu. Koma mzere woti muwone ukhoza kukhala wautali mochititsa manyazi, ndipo nthawi zina umapha.

Kumbali ina, kwa anthu aku America omwe alibe inshuwaransi kapena omwe ali ndi mapulani a inshuwaransi yocheperako, vuto likulowa pakhomo.

Malinga ndi nyuzipepala ya Montreal Gazette ya pa Ogasiti 20, Fraser Institute, bungwe loona za ufulu wa anthu ku Canada, posachedwapa linatulutsa lipoti lonena za nthawi yodikira anthu aku Canada omwe akufuna kupeza chithandizo chamankhwala. Kafukufuku wake waposachedwa kwambiri adapeza kuti mu 2021, aku Canada adadikirira milungu 25.6 – yayitali kwambiri yolembedwa.

Izi zikuchokera pa masabata 22.5 mu 2020. Mu 1993, pamene Fraser anayamba kufufuza, nthawi yodikirira inali masabata 9.3, kotero ndizovuta kwambiri ndipo, malinga ndi maganizo a Achimerika, osapiririka. M’malo mwake, aku America ambiri anganene kuti masabata a 9.3 ndi osapiririka.

Ngakhale kukumbukira kuti nthawi zina zodikirira nthawi yayitali ndi maopaleshoni “osankha”, odwala omwe akudikirira maopaleshoniwa amavutikabe kuwadikirira.

Poyerekeza, lipoti la 2016 lidapeza kuti nthawi yodikirira kuti anthu aku America akumane ndi dokotala anali pafupifupi masiku 24.

Koma, kachiwiri, aku America amatha kupanga tsiku konse.

Lipoti lofalitsidwa ndi PBS NewsHour mu Ogasiti 2022 lidawonetsa kuti pafupifupi anthu 26 miliyoni aku America alibe inshuwaransi yazaumoyo.

Awa ndi Achimereka omwe, ngakhale ali ndi chifuwa chovutitsa kapena kupweteka kwa thupi, amasankha kusawonana ndi dokotala chifukwa chodera nkhawa za mtengo womwe akulipira.

Kafukufuku wa 2018 NORC adapeza kuti pafupifupi 40 peresenti ya anthu aku America adanenanso kuti asankha kudumpha mayeso ovomerezeka kapena chithandizo, ndipo 44 peresenti adanena kuti sanapite kwa dokotala atavulala kapena kuvulala chaka chatha chifukwa cha mtengo wake.

Ndipo zili choncho ngakhale ndi netiweki yowonjezera yoperekedwa kudzera mu Affordable Care Act.

Ambiri aife tamvapo nkhani za abwenzi kapena achibale omwe amapezeka kuti ali pamalo okoma atsoka osapanga zokwanira kuti athe kupeza inshuwaransi yachinsinsi koma kuyesetsa kwambiri kuti ayenerere thandizo la inshuwaransi.

Ku United States ndi ku Canada, anthu akufuna kusintha.

Kafukufuku wina wa chaka chatha anasonyeza kuti anthu 62 pa 100 alionse a ku Canada amaganiza kuti ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zawo pa chithandizo chilichonse chimene akufuna. Ndipo 67 peresenti idakonda kugwiritsa ntchito zipatala zachinsinsi komanso zopanda phindu kuti achepetse kuchuluka kwa maopaleshoni chifukwa cha mliri.

Pakadali pano, kafukufuku wa 2022 AP-NORC adapeza kuti osakwana theka la anthu aku America amati chisamaliro chaumoyo chimasamalidwa bwino ku United States.

Kafukufuku yemweyo adapeza kuti pafupifupi 4 mwa 10 aku America akuti amathandizira njira yothandizira odwala omwe amalipira okha omwe amafunikira kuti anthu aku America apeze inshuwaransi yazaumoyo kuchokera ku dongosolo la boma. Pomwe 58% akuti amakonda kupereka inshuwaransi yaumoyo ya boma yomwe aliyense angagule.

Koma, kachiwiri, kupeza chithandizo chamankhwala ndi nkhani yovuta komanso yovuta yomwe anthu onse padziko lapansi akuyesera kuti adziwe.

Tiyeni tiyembekeze kuti atsogoleri amasiku ano, mawa ndi kupitirira apo ali ndi nzeru zothetsera izi.

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