Komiti ya Ulimi ya House of Representatives ku US yati chitetezo cha dothi lapamwamba chiyenera kutsindika mu bilu yotsatira yaulimi

WASHINGTON — Alimi ndi ophunzira pamsonkhano Lachitatu adatsindika kufunika kwa mamembala a Komiti ya Ulimi ya House of Representatives ku U.S. House of Representatives Agriculture Committee kuti athandizire njira zaulimi zongowonjezwdwa pabilu yaulimi yomwe ikubwera pofuna kuteteza dothi lapamwamba.

David Scott, wapampando wa Komiti Yoyimira Ulimi ku US House of Representatives Agriculture Committee, adati adaitanitsa msonkhano kuti akambirane njira zomwe opanga mfundo ndi dipatimenti yaulimi angathandizire alimi kuphatikiza njira zaulimi zongowonjezwdwa. Georgia Democrat idati kuyika ndalama pazaumoyo wanthaka kungachepetse kusintha kwanyengo ndikuletsa kusowa kwa chakudya.

Ulimi wotsitsimutsa umachitika paulimi ndi msipu womwe umaganizira kwambiri kumanganso zinthu zamoyo pamwamba pa nthaka, kubwezeretsa zamoyo zosiyanasiyana za dothi lowonongeka ndikuwongolera kayendedwe ka madzi. Zonsezi zimachepetsa kusintha kwa nyengo polima zomera zomwe zimagwira mpweya wa carbon dioxide ndikuupititsa kunthaka.

“Alimi achikhalidwe akuwononga nthaka yaku America,” atero a Jeff Moyer, CEO wa Rodale Institute ku Kutztown, Pennsylvania. Rodale anali mpainiya wa ulimi wa organic.

Pafupifupi 95% yazakudya zimamera kuchokera ku dothi lapamwamba, lomwe ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri pazakudya. Ngati dothi silingathe kusefa madzi ndi kuyamwa mpweya, izi zingalepheretse alimi kulima chakudya kuti adyetse anthu, zomwe zimayambitsa vuto la chakudya. Padziko lonse lapansi, nthaka ikukokoloka kuwirikiza ka 10 mpaka 40 kuposa momwe ingasinthire.

Muir adanena kuti gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a nthaka yapadziko lonse lapansi yawonongeka kale, ndipo ngati “chiwerengero chamakono cha kuwonongeka kwa nthaka chikupitirirabe, nthaka yonse ya padziko lapansi ikhoza kutayika mkati mwa zaka 60.”

“Chiyambi cha njira yathu yopezera chakudya ndi nthaka, ndipo tikutaya gawo lofunika la carbon,” adatero Scott, akuwonjezera kuti ndikofunikira kubwezeretsa mpweya m’nthaka. Mpweya ndiye gwero lalikulu lamphamvu lazomera.

Kafukufuku wa February wochitidwa ndi University of Massachusetts Amherst anapeza kuti “Kumadzulo kwa Midwest kwataya pafupifupi matani 57.6 biliyoni a dothi lapamwamba kuyambira pamene alimi anayamba kulima nthaka, zaka 160 zapitazo.”

Malinga ndi lipotilo, “Chiwopsezo chambiri chakukokoloka kwa nthaka chimaposa zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa pazaka zaposachedwa zakukokoloka kwa nthaka kuchokera pakuwunika kwa nthaka yadziko komanso milingo yovomerezeka ndi USDA.”

Ndalama za USDA Project

Boma la Biden lapereka ndalama zokwana $ 3 biliyoni kumapulojekiti omwe angachepetse kutulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha komanso kuwononga mpweya paulimi. Dipatimenti ya zaulimi ku United States Lachitatu idalengeza kukulitsa pulogalamu ya Climate-Smart Commodity Partnerships kuti ipereke ndalama zothandizira kuteteza zachilengedwe.

Scott ananena kuti buku lina lotchedwa Kissing the Earth linamuthandiza kutsegula maso ake kuti adziwe kufunika kogwiritsa ntchito ulimi wongowonjezereka.

“Umu ndi momwe timawonetsetsa kuti tili ndi chakudya chokwanira,” adatero.

A Republican pa komitiyi adatsindika kuti mapulogalamu a USDA okhudzana ndi ulimi wongowonjezedwanso sayenera kukhala ovomerezeka, ndipo woweruza wamkulu wa GOP, Glenn Thompson, wa ku Pennsylvania, adanena kuti “kugwirizanitsa ndondomeko ya chakudya ku ndondomeko ya nyengo ndi yovulaza.”

“Alimi ang’onoang’ono nthawi zonse sangakhale pachiwopsezo chomwe minda yayikulu ingatengere potengera njira zatsopano, ndipo sindikufuna kuti ndikhale wolowa m’mafamu awo ndikuwauza kuti boma likuvomereza kuti chuma chiziyenda bwino. ntchito zawo komanso moyo wawo wakusintha kwanyengo,” adatero Thompson.

Iye adaonjeza kuti kukwera kwa mitengo kwadzetsanso vuto kwa alimi ndipo alimi ambiri m’boma lawo ayamba kale ulimi wotsitsimula monga mbewu zophimba nthaka zomwe zimathandiza kuti nthaka isakokoloke komanso kusunga zakudya m’nthaka.

Woimira Jim Bird, waku Indiana Republican, adakayikiranso ngati zakudya zamagulu ndi zopatsa thanzi kuposa zomwe zimapangidwa ndi ulimi wamba.

Rebecca Larson, wachiwiri kwa pulezidenti wa Western Sugar Cooperative ku Denver, Colorado, adanena kuti palibe kafukufuku wochuluka wosonyeza kuti chakudya chamagulu chili ndi zakudya zambiri komanso kuti zambiri mwa nkhanizi ndi “mantha malonda.”

Kafukufuku wochokera ku 2019 adapeza kuti kupanga organic kumatha kulimbikitsa zakudya zina zofunika m’zakudya, koma zambiri mwazomwezi ndizochepa.

Kumanganso Thanzi la Nthaka

Rick Clark, mlimi wa ku Williamsport, Indiana, adati adatengera njira zaulimi zongowonjezwdwa pafamu yake yoweta ng’ombe maekala 7,000 kuti amangenso thanzi lanthaka zaka khumi zapitazi.

“Tiyenera kuteteza nthaka yathu, chifukwa ili likhala tsogolo la ulimi wathu,” adatero.

Rep. Shontelle Brown, wa Ohio Democrat, adafunsa Clark momwe Congress ingathandizire ntchito zongowonjezereka zaulimi.

Clark, woimira ku Regenerate America, adalimbikitsa opanga malamulo kuti aganizire zolimbikitsa maphunziro ndi thandizo laukadaulo kwa alimi omwe akufuna kuyamba kugwiritsa ntchito izi, monga USDA Environmental Quality Incentive Programme. Regenerate America ndi mgwirizano wa alimi ndi mabizinesi omwe akufunafuna njira zongowonjezereka zaulimi mubilu yomwe ikubwera.

“Magulu ophunzitsa ndi othandizira ndi ofunikira pano,” adatero.

Clark adanena kuti akukhulupirira kuti mapulogalamuwa ayenera kukhala odzifunira, koma kuti boma liyenera kuganizira zopatsa alimi omwe amatsatira machitidwewa gawo lalikulu la federal sub-benefits. Iye adalimbikitsanso aphungu kuti alimbikitse inshuwaransi ya mbewu kuti zithandizire kuchepetsa ngozi zomwe alimi angakumane nazo akamakhazikitsa njira zaulimi.

“Izi zikutanthauza kulimbitsa inshuwaransi ya mbewu pochotsa zotchinga zakale, kupanga zolimbikitsa zomwe zimazindikira phindu lochepetsera chiopsezo chaumoyo wanthaka ndi kasungidwe kabwino komanso kupindulitsa alimi omwe amatsatira izi – monga kuchotsera “dalaivala wabwino” pa inshuwaransi yagalimoto yanu,” adatero. .

Muir adalimbikitsanso opanga malamulo kuti asinthe inshuwaransi ya mbewu chifukwa mfundo zaposachedwa “zimapangitsa kuti alimi aku America asamasangalale omwe akufuna kusintha ndikugwira ntchito motengera mtundu wa organic.”

Clark adawonjezeranso kuti USDA iyenera kuganizira za tanthauzo laulimi wobwezeretsanso ndipo izi ziyenera kuwonjezeredwa ku zilembo za ogula. Clark adawonjezeranso kuti njira zambiri zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito paulimi wokonzanso zidachokera ku ulimi wachilengedwe, ndipo adati mawuwa akuyenera kumveka ndi komiti.

Phindu lazachuma

Woimira Alma Adams, D-North Carolina, adafunsa mboni imodzi, Steve Negrin wa ku Chattahoochee Hills, Georgia, momwe ulimi wongowonjezereka ungathandizire kumanga chuma cham’deralo.

Nygren ndiye woyambitsa komanso CEO wa Serenbe, mudzi wamatauni mkati mwa mzinda wa Chattahoochee Hills womwe iye ndi mkazi wake adapanga ndi masomphenya a anthu okhazikika.

“Thanzi la dothi limapangitsa kuti pakhale chuma chambiri,” adatero.

Iye adati kuchepa kwa minda ya mabanja kukudzetsa mavuto azachuma mdera laderalo. Iye adati ulimi wa m’mafakitale sithandiza chuma cha m’dziko muno monga momwe alimi a m’derali angachitire.

“Ganizirani za thanzi la dothi ngati njira yobwezeretsanso matauni ang’onoang’ono,” adatero Negren.

Iye anapereka chitsanzo pa nkhani yake. M’chaka cha 1950, pafupifupi theka la chakudya cha ku Georgia chinachokera m’boma, ndipo masiku ano chiŵerengerocho changotsala pang’ono kukwana kota. Ku Serenbe, 70 peresenti ya maekala 40,000 amasungidwa kuti abzale ndipo sabata iliyonse mabanja 75 amalipira $34 pazokolola zawo zamlungu ndi mlungu.

“Ngati tibweretsa minda yaing’ono kumidzi yakumidzi kudutsa United States, sikuti tidzakhala ndi chakudya cham’deralo chomwe sichidalira mafuta oyaka mafuta kuti chifike pashelufu, koma chomwe chingapite mwachindunji kuchokera kwa mlimi kupita kwa ogula. …zilimbikitsa kwambiri chuma chaderalo, “adatero.

Pezani mitu yam’mawa kubokosi lanu

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