Chisamaliro chaumoyo cha Transgender chakhala chandamale cha kuchepa kwakukulu motsogozedwa ndi Republican Party

Pafupifupi sabata imodzi mu Meyi, Alabama anali ndi lamulo lolimba kwambiri la anti-transgender ku United States. Dokotala aliyense amene amapereka mankhwala oletsa kutha msinkhu kapena mankhwala a mahomoni kwa anthu ochepera zaka 18 akhoza kuyimbidwa mlandu, kukhala m’ndende zaka 10 ndikulipira chindapusa cha $15,000. Madokotala anakangalika kudzazanso mankhwala a odwala awo lamulo lisanayambe; Makolo anayamba kuganizira zokasamutsa mabanja awo m’boma.

Woweruza m’boma anapereka lamulo loletsa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Koma chinali chithunzithunzi chachidule cha zomwe opanga malamulo omwe akuchulukirachulukira mdziko lonselo akukankhira. Kuwunika kwa Bloomberg News kudapeza ndalama zosachepera 40 zofananira zomwe zikuperekedwa m’maboma pafupifupi khumi ndi awiri olamulidwa ndi Republican zomwe zitha kuchepetsa kapena kuletsa kutsimikizira kuti jenda ndi chisamaliro chokhudzana ndi kusintha, nthawi zambiri zachinsinsi kwa ana.

Bilu imodzi yaku Georgia ingalange dokotala aliyense amene amalembera oletsa kutha msinkhu kwa mwana wazaka 10 m’ndende; Dokotala wina waku North Carolina atha kulipira madokotala $ 1,000 aliyense chifukwa chochita zomwezo. Ku Mississippi, bilu ingachepetse inshuwaransi yaumoyo pazachipatala za transgender.

“Tikuwona tsunami ya malamulowa,” adatero Michael Bronsky, pulofesa pa yunivesite ya Harvard yemwe amafufuza mbiri ya LGBT ndi chikhalidwe.

Anti-LGBTQ yovomerezeka kuwonjezeka M’zaka zaposachedwa, ndi ndalama zambiri zomwe zimafuna kuchepetsa mabafa omwe anthu a transgender angagwiritse ntchito komanso magulu amasewera omwe atha kusewera. Koma m’chaka chathachi, malamulo odana ndi kusintha kwa thanzi ayamba kuwonjezereka. M’chaka cha malamulo aboma cha 2022, pafupifupi 60% yamalipiro azaumoyo okhudzana ndi LGBT adapangidwa kuti aletse kapena kuchepetsa chisamaliro chaumoyo wa transgender. Ndi chithunzithunzi chazaka khumi zapitazi pomwe opanga malamulo ochirikiza LGBTQ amakhazikitsa malamulo opita patsogolo monga kuletsa kutembenuka mtima, machitidwe opotoka Poyesa kusintha momwe wina amaonera kugonana kapena kuti ndi mwamuna kapena mkazi.

“Amaponya chilichonse pakhoma kuti awone chomwe chikulendewera,” adatero Bronsky.

Chase Strangio, loya ku American Civil Liberties Union yemwe Sulani mlandu wotsutsa mayiko angapo kwa malamulo odana ndi transgender omwe amatsutsa kuti akuphwanya Gawo la Chitetezo Chofanana cha 14th Amendment.

Strangio wachita bwino kutsimikizira oweruza kuti malamulowa sakhala ovomerezeka, makamaka pakadali pano. Ku Arkansas, adalandira lamulo lokhudza kuletsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo mofanana ndi kuletsa kwa Alabama, ndipo ku Texas adalandira lamulo lina lochokera kwa bwanamkubwa wolamula mabungwe a boma kuti afufuze makolo kapena madokotala omwe amapereka chithandizo chotsimikizira kugonana kwa ana.

Woweruza yemwe pamapeto pake adaletsa lamulo la Alabama adati “abambo – osati makhothi kapena makhothi a federal – amatenga gawo lalikulu pakusamalira ndi kusamalira ana awo.” Ananenanso kuti boma silinapereke umboni wodalirika kuti chithandizocho chinali “choyesa,” ndipo chifukwa chake ndi chowopsa, andale aku Alabama atsutsa. American Academy of Pediatrics ndi mabungwe ena akuluakulu azachipatala pafupifupi khumi ndi awiri amavomereza chithandizo chachipatala kwa achinyamata osintha gender.

Magulu osamala amakhulupirira kuti onse ammudzi komanso gulu lazaumoyo adzabwera okha. A Jay Richards, ofufuza a Heritage Foundation, woganiza bwino, adati ntchito ndikupereka malamulo achitsanzo kwa opanga malamulo pankhaniyi.

Olimbikitsa amati kuchita zinthu monyanyira ndi mbali imodzi ya ndondomekoyi. “Lirilonse mwa malamulowa ndi mayeso,” adatero Nikita Shepherd, wofufuza pa yunivesite ya Columbia yemwe amaphunzira za jenda ndi kugonana. Kodi mungapite patali bwanji?

Iwo anaiyerekezera ndi nkhondo yochotsa mimba imene inachititsa kuti mlandu wa Roe v. Wade ugwe m’mayambiriro a chaka chino. Kwa zaka zoposa khumi, aphungu a boma Iye anapereka mazana a malamulo Kuletsa kapena kuletsa kuchotsa mimba. Ambiri aiwo sanagwire ntchito, mpaka Khothi Lalikulu Lalikulu lokhazikika lidachita imodzi ndikuvota chaka chino kuti lithetse chitetezo cha federal kuchotsa mimba. Madokotala m’maboma khumi ndi awiri tsopano akuimbidwa milandu ngati apereka chithandizo chilichonse chochotsa mimba.

Madokotala omwe amawona odwala transgender akuwopa kuti tsogolo lawo likupita, adatero Kaelen Baker, mkulu wa bungwe la Whitman Walker Institute, gulu lofufuza zaumoyo wa gay komanso gulu lolimbikitsa anthu. “Tikuwona chisokonezo chachikulu, mantha ambiri komanso nkhawa zambiri,” adatero.

Chase Strangio, loya wa American Civil Liberties Union, ku New York.

Wojambula: Amir Hamjah/Bloomberg

Zipatala zinanenanso za ziwawa ndi kuzunzidwa kwakukulu. Mwezi watha, madokotala ku Boston Children’s Hospital, kwawo kwa pulogalamu yaumoyo ya ana ndi achinyamata omwe adasintha mtundu woyamba mdziko muno, anali chandamale cha kampeni yozunza. Chipatalachi chinalandiranso chiwopsezo cha bomba patadutsa milungu ingapo.

Ngakhale pali zopinga zalamulo zomwe akumana nazo mpaka pano, malamulowo sakuyembekezeka kuzimiririka.

Promise to America’s Children, gulu lomenyera ufulu wa LGBT, likupempha opanga malamulo kuti asayine lonjezo lothandizira mfundo zoletsa “kuwongolera matupi a ana” monga oletsa kutha msinkhu komanso chithandizo cha mahomoni. Mgwirizanowu umathandizidwa ndi Heritage Foundation, Family Policy Alliance, ndi Freedom Defender Alliance, magulu osamala omwe athandizanso polimbana ndi kuchotsa mimba. Richards adati gululi liyambitsa malamulo achitsanzo komanso kampeni yophunzirira.

“Tikulimbana ndi kusagwirizana kwakukulu: Kodi ana angabadwe ndi matupi olakwika, komanso matupi awo ayenera kusintha kuti agwirizane ndi chikhalidwe chamkati, kapena tiyenera kuyesa kuthandiza ana kukhala omasuka m’matupi awo?” Richards of the Heritage Foundation adatero. “Pali kusiyana pakati pa malingaliro awiriwa osiyana a zenizeni ndipo timakhulupirira kuti wina ndi wolondola ndipo winayo ndi wolakwika.”

– Mothandizidwa ndi Lili Lin Ndipo the Taylor Johnson.

Kuti mulumikizane ndi omwe adalemba nkhaniyi:
Kelsey Butler ku New York pa kbutler55@bloomberg.net

Andre Tartar ku New York pa atartar@bloomberg.net

Kuti mulumikizane ndi mkonzi yemwe adayambitsa nkhaniyi:
Rebecca Greenfield pa rgreenfield@bloomberg.net

Sarah McGregor

© 2022 Bloomberg LP Ufulu wonse ndi wotetezedwa. Kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi chilolezo.

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