Zomwe ophunzira azachipatala akuyenera kudziwa zokhudza mabungwe

Madokotala, makamaka omwe ali m’munda wamankhwala okhazikika, amamvetsetsa kufunika kwa mphamvu mu manambala. Izi zinasonyezedwa m’mabwalo angapo, kuphatikizapo umembala wa mabungwe.

Pamene madokotala ochulukirachulukira m’makonzedwe a ntchito, mamembala m’mabungwe a madokotala anakula. Webinar, yoyendetsedwa ndi AMA Medical Student Division ndi AMA Academic Physician Division, idasanthula zoyambira zamagulu azachipatala komanso momwe umembala wawo umagwirira ntchito. Kwa ophunzira azachipatala omwe angasankhe kugwira ntchito kusukulu yomwe ili ndi mgwirizano, nayi mafunso ena omwe ali mu webinar.

Mabungwe amagwira ntchito zitatu zazikulu: kukambirana kwapagulu, kulimbikitsa ndale, ndi kuthandizana (inshuwaransi yaumoyo ndi penshoni za umembala). Kwa asing’anga, ufulu wokambirana – womwe umatanthauzidwa mosasamala ngati kukambirana za mgwirizano wantchito ndi owalemba ntchito m’malo mwa ogwira nawo ntchito – amakhala dalaivala wa umembala wa bungwe.

Diomedes Tsituras ndi Executive Director wa American Association of Professors – Biomedicine and Health Sciences of New Jersey, bungwe lopanda phindu loyimira mamembala 1,400 a faculty ku Rutgers/Rowan Universities.

“Lingaliro la mgwirizano wamagulu ndiloti, mosiyana ndi kukambirana kwa munthu payekha, ogwira ntchito kuntchito akhoza kubwera pamodzi kuti agwirizane mphamvu zawo,” adatero Tsitoras. “Mwa kuphatikiza mphamvu zawo, amatha kukhala ofanana ndi olemba ntchito omwe ali ndi mphamvu zambiri pazachuma, ndiyeno amapereka mikhalidwe yabwino yogwirira ntchito kwa aliyense.”

Nkhani Zogwirizana

Pambuyo posintha mfundo za gawo 1, ndi mapulogalamu otani omwe mukuyang’ana pano

Tsitoras adati kufunikira kwa mgwirizano wamagulu kwakula chifukwa misika yambiri yatukuka pomwe zipatala zili ndi mphamvu pamisika ndipo madotolo ali ndi njira zingapo zosinthira ogwira ntchito m’zipatala ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala olemetsedwa.

Dziwani maphunziro ofunikira kwa ophunzira azachipatala okhudzana ndi kufunikira kwa utsogoleri.

Ndi madokotala ochepa chabe amene ali m’bungweli, koma chifunocho chikuwonjezeka. Pofika mu 2019, panali madotolo pafupifupi 68,000 m’mabungwe. Chiwerengerocho chikuyimira pafupifupi 7% ya chiwerengero cha madokotala m’dziko lonselo, koma chakulanso ndi 25% pazaka zisanu zapitazi.

Zitsanzo zina za mabungwe akuluakulu oimira madokotala ndi awa:

  • Service Personnel International Federation – Physicians Council, Interns and Residents Committee.
  • American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees – Federation of American Physicians and Dentists.
  • American Federation of Teachers.
  • American Association of University Professors.

Dziwani momwe ophunzira azachipatala angakhalire oyimira bwino pazama media.

Ponena za kusintha kwakukulu komwe kunachitika ndi mgwirizano wake, Tsitoras adati gululi lakweza malipiro ochepa potengera mfundo za Association of American Medical Colleges, adapanga njira zochepetsera kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi komanso zosagwirizana ndi malipiro, kupititsa patsogolo mwayi wopezera ana, tchuthi cha makolo ndi Ndondomeko Zina zimathandizira kuti pakhale moyo wabwino pantchito.

“Nthawi zina anthu omwe ali pamwamba sazindikira nthawi zonse zomwe zikuchitika pansi, ndipo tikhoza kuthetsa kusiyana kumeneku ndikuwonetsa mavuto ndikukhala mawu othetsera mavuto ndi chiyembekezo chowathetsa,” adatero Tsitoras. M’zaka zaposachedwapa, kufunikira kwa mgwirizano wothandizira pazachipatala kwawonekera. Mlandu umodzi unachitika pagulu la anthu okhala m’mabungwe ku Stanford, komwe madotolo okhalamo analibe mwayi wopeza katemera wa COVID-19 pamaso pa ogwira ntchito osafunikira kuchipatala. Meyi watha, anthu okhala ku Stanford adavota kuti alowe nawo migwirizano.

Nkhani Zogwirizana

Maphunziro ofunikira kwa ophunzira azachipatala okhudzana ndi kufunikira kwa utsogoleri

“Chochititsa chidwi, mukudziwa – zomwe zingawoneke ngati zothandizira zabwino, malipiro abwinoko kuposa malo ambiri, ndipo ndi ntchito yabwino – mwa njira zina ogwira ntchitowa anali okhudzidwa kwambiri kuti akonzekere kukonza,” adatero Rebecca. Jevan, PhD, wotsogolera wamkulu wa Rutgers Center for Work and Health. “Pozindikira kuti iyi ndi njira yokhayo yopezera mawu pantchito yomwe amafunikira.”

Dziwani chifukwa chake anthu ambiri akuyang’ana mgwirizano.

Kunyanyala sikuchitika kawirikawiri pakati pa mabungwe onse, makamaka mabungwe a madokotala.

“Nthawi zambiri, pali njira zambiri zopezera mphamvu, ndipo kunyanyala ndi imodzi mwa njirazo,” adatero Jeevan. “Pali njira zina zambiri, monga makampeni a batani, makampeni azama TV …

Kuwonetsa mgwirizano wamagulu ndi kufulumira kwa zofuna zinazake za chidwi. “Kunyanyala kwachipatala sikuloledwa m’maboma ena ndipo ngakhale m’maboma omwe saletsa kunyalanyazidwa, bungweli liyenera kuvota ndi anthu ambiri – mwina oposa 90% a mabungwe omwe amavotera – kuti achite.

AMA ili ndi ndondomeko yosonyeza kuti mabungwe ayenera kutsata AMA Mfundo za Medical Ethics, ndipo asachite “kunyanyala kulikonse mwa kuletsa chithandizo chofunikira chachipatala kwa odwala.”

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