Elon Musk amapita kukhothi chifukwa cha malipiro a Tesla omwe adamupanga kukhala munthu wolemera kwambiri padziko lapansi


Washington DC
CNN

Tesla ndi CEO Elon Musk akhala m’khothi sabata ino kuteteza phukusi lalikulu la chipukuta misozi lomwe lidamupangitsa kukhala munthu wolemera kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Mlandu wa sabata limodzi ku Delaware Court of Chancery udzawunika dongosolo lachipukuta misozi la 2018 lomwe linapangidwa ndi a automaker board of Directors a Musk. The automaker adanena panthawiyo kuti ikhoza kukhala yokwana pafupifupi $ 56 biliyoni, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale phukusi lalikulu kwambiri la malipiro a aliyense Padziko Lapansi kuchokera ku kampani yogulitsa pagulu, ndipo ndalama zake lero ndi $ 50.9 biliyoni.

Ngakhale munthawi yochepa ya malipiro a CEO, dongosolo lamalipiro la Musk linali losiyana. Mamiliyoni a madola nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa ma CEO amakampani akuluakulu, koma dongosolo lamalipiro la Musk poyambirira lidafika mabiliyoni ambiri, bola akakwaniritsa zolinga zake. Sizinali ndalama – kawirikawiri malipiro a akuluakulu – koma mu katundu wa kampani. Mtengo wa Tesla wokwera kwambiri, magawowa ndi ofunika kwambiri, mphoto zambiri za Musk, ndipo magawowa ndi ofunika kwambiri. Ndipo masheya a Tesla akukwera mosalekeza, zomwe zidathandizira kuti zifike pamtengo wopitilira $ 300 biliyoni nthawi imodzi, pomwe omwe ali ndi masheya amapeza zomwe angathe.

Koma nthawi yonseyi, Musk wakhala akugawana nthawi yake pakati pa zinthu zina zambiri. SpaceX yayamba kutumiza okonda zakuthambo pafupipafupi ku International Space Station. Boring Company inamanga mphete mkati mwa Las Vegas Convention Center. Ndiyeno, ndithudi, adagula Twitter.

Komabe, Musk si yekhayo amene akupindula ndi kukwera kwa mtengo wa Tesla stock ndi zosankha. Momwemonso omwe ali nawo. Msika wamsika wa Tesla wakwera kuposa 1,000% kuyambira pomwe adavomereza phukusi lamalipiro ake mu Marichi 2018.

Nkhaniyi ikhoza kukhala yofunika kwambiri kwa Tesla, chifukwa cha mafunso akulu omwe afunsidwa okhudza chipukuta misozi, malinga ndi akatswiri olamulira makampani. Bungwe la Tesla linateteza phukusi la chipukuta misozi.

Mlanduwu ungathenso kutsitsimutsanso zokambirana za malipiro a akuluakulu, kuphatikizapo ndalama zambiri zomwe amalandira. Ma CEO a S&P 500 adapeza $18.3 miliyoni mu 2021, 324 kuchulukitsa malipiro apakatikati pamakampani. Kusiyana kumeneku kwakula m’zaka zaposachedwapa.

Mwachitsanzo, CEO wa Amazon Andy Gacy adalandira chipukuta misozi cha $212.7 miliyoni mu 2021. Mkulu wa Apple Tim Cook adalandira pafupifupi $100 miliyoni chaka chatha. Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella adapeza pafupifupi $50 miliyoni mu 2021.

Wotsutsa, Richard J. Tornitsa, m’malo mwa omwe ali ndi masheya a Tesla, adati Musk adagwiritsa ntchito ulamuliro wake pakampaniyo ndi komiti yake yoyang’anira kuti apeze chipukuta misozi chachikulu kuti “apeze ndalama zokhumba zake zolamulira Mars.”

Musk adalowa mu Marichi 2018, mwezi womwe eni ake adavomereza dongosolo la chipukuta misozi, pa nambala 41 pa Bloomberg Billionaires Index, makamaka chifukwa chochita nawo Tesla ndi SpaceX. Panthawiyo, Tesla anali wodalirika koma wochita chipwirikiti. Idataya pafupifupi $2 biliyoni mchaka chatha ndipo idavutika kuthana ndi kuchedwa kwa kupanga pomwe idapanga Model 3 yake pamsika waukulu. Musk adalankhula za kukhala mu “gehena yopanga” komanso “gahena wotumiza katundu” mchaka, ndi nthabwala za bankirapuse.

Ambiri amakayikira ngati kampaniyo ingakhale ndi moyo ngati wopanga magalimoto odziyimira pawokha.

Bungwe la Tesla lidawona kuti ndikugwiritsa ntchito moyenera, wopanga makinawo akhoza kukhala imodzi mwamakampani ofunikira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo amafuna kulimbikitsa Musk kuti azitsogolera kwa nthawi yayitali. Dongosolo la chipukuta misozi linaphatikizapo malipiro a 12 a katundu omwe Musk adzalandira ngati zochitika zazikuluzikulu zakwaniritsidwa, kuphatikizapo mtengo wa msika wa Tesla komanso ndalama zomwe adasinthidwa ndi zomwe amapeza. (Malipiro amtundu uliwonse angapezeke ngati ndalama za msika wa Tesla ziwonjezera ndalama zokwana madola 50 biliyoni pamwamba pa $ 100 biliyoni. Zina zomwe zakwaniritsa zinaphatikizapo kupeza $ 35 biliyoni mu ndalama zapachaka ndi $ 3 biliyoni muzopindula zosinthidwa.)

Dongosololi, lomwe lidanenedwa zaka khumi zapitazo, lidakhala lopindulitsa kwambiri kwa Musk komanso munthawi yodabwitsa. Tesla anali wochita bwino kwambiri ku US mu 2020 ndipo adakhala wopanga magalimoto ofunikira kwambiri ku America konse. SUV yaing’ono, Model Y, posachedwapa yakhala galimoto yogulitsidwa kwambiri ku Ulaya.

Musk wafika pamiyeso ingapo yolipira, ndipo akuyembekezeka kupambana komaliza koyambirira kwa chaka chamawa.

Dongosolo lolipira lathandiza kuti Musk akhale munthu wolemera kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, wokhala ndi ndalama zokwana $ 184 biliyoni, malinga ndi Bloomberg Billionaire Index. Kuyerekeza mtengo wake weniweni kungakhale kovuta chifukwa gawo lalikulu limayikidwa mu SpaceX, kampani yabizinesi yomwe siyenera kuwululira poyera zidziwitso zandalama zomwe zingawonetse kuchepa kapena kukwera mtengo. Tech stocks ndi msika wonse wamasheya wagwa kwambiri chaka chino.

Richard Torneta, yemwe adasumira mlanduwo mu June 2018, akuti gulu la oyang’anira a Tesla linaphwanya ntchito yake yokhudzana ndi kuwonongeka, komanso kuti Musk adaphwanya ntchito zake zolemeretsa mwachisawawa.

Tornetta adatsutsa m’madandaulo ake oyambirira a 2018 kuti ndondomeko ya chipukuta misozi sinali yofunikira kulimbikitsa Musk popeza anali kale ndi gawo lalikulu la umwini mu automaker.

Mlanduwu udatsimikiziridwa ngati khoti lamilandu mu Januwale 2021. Mlanduwu watenga zaka zambiri kuti udutse dongosololi chifukwa cha nthawi yayitali yamilandu, kuphatikizapo kugwira ntchito ndi pempho la Tesla kuti athetse madandaulo.

Kudandaula kwa Torneta kumanena kuti bungwe la oyang’anira lomwe linapanga dongosolo la malipiro a Musk lilibe ufulu wokwanira kwa iye. Bungweli linaphatikizapo mchimwene wake wa Musk Kimball, komanso abwenzi ake Anthony Gracias ndi Steve Jurvetson. (Jurvetson ndi Gracias achoka ku board of director a Tesla.)

Carla Hein, pulofesa yemwe amaphunzira utsogoleri wamakampani ku University of California School of Business, adauza CNN Business kuti nkhaniyi ndi yayikulu kwambiri kwa Tesla kotero kuti zitha kukhala zolemetsa kwa wopanga magalimoto kutsimikizira kuti chipukuta misozi ndi njira zake zopangira zidali zachilungamo.

“Izi ndizovuta kwambiri,” adatero Hein za pulani yamalipiro. “Kodi adafunikira kusiya kuchuluka kwa kampaniyi ku Musk kuti agwirizane ndi zomwe amakonda ndikumusunga ngati CEO?”

Adanenanso kuti Institutional Shareholder Services ndi kampani ya upangiri, Glass Lewis, adalimbikitsa mu 2018 kuti omwe ali ndi Tesla akane dongosolo la chipukuta misozi.

Institutional Shareholder Services anachenjeza kuti dongosololi “litseka mwayi wolipira kwambiri womwe sunachitikepo m’zaka khumi zikubwerazi,” ndipo adati Musk ali kale ndi 22% ya Tesla, yomwe imagwirizana ndi zomwe amakonda. Koma zidawonetsa kuti ma sheya adavomereza dongosololi.

Hayne adanenanso kuti ubale wapamtima wa Musk ndi mamembala a board ukhoza kukhala vuto kwa Tesla pankhaniyi.

“Popeza kuti gulu lonselo limayang’aniridwa ndi Musk, ndizovuta kudziwa kuti chilichonse chomwe adachita chidzatsata njira yoyenera,” adatero.

Bungwe la Tesla linanena kuti linapanga ndondomekoyi “patatha miyezi yoposa isanu ndi umodzi ya kusanthula mosamala ndi mlangizi wodziimira payekha payekha komanso kukambirana ndi Elon.”

“Elon watipatsa luso lochita zinthu mokweza m’njira yofanana ndi zovuta kuti tikwaniritse,” adatero panthawiyo.

Tesla sanayankhe pempho loti apereke ndemanga ndipo nthawi zambiri samachita ndi akatswiri atolankhani.

Mlanduwu ukuyembekezeka kutha sabata imodzi. Oweruza milandu nthawi zina amagamula kukhoti, koma izi sizichitikachitika. Zitha kutenga milungu kapena miyezi kuti chigamulo chisankhidwe.

Musk wakhala chinthu wamba m’khothi la Delaware. Mwezi watha, kutenga kwake Twitter kunatsala pang’ono kuimbidwa mlandu kukhothi. Iye adachitira umboni ku khoti chaka chatha pa mkangano wokhudza kutenga Tesla ku Solar City. Woweruza adagamula mokomera Musk mu Epulo.

Kuwongolera kwapadera kwa Musk kudzakhala mutu wokambirana. Amatsogolera ntchito zingapo kunja kwa Tesla: kampani ya SpaceX; Ntchito yake yopanga tunnel The Boring Co. ; kuyambika kwa mawonekedwe a ubongo, Neuralink; ndi Twitter. Si zachilendo kuti ma CEO azikhala ndi maudindo ambiri a CEO.

Chris Isidore wa CNN anathandizira pa nkhaniyi.

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