Kodi maufulu anu ndi otani ngati oyenda mumlengalenga?

Kuyimitsidwa

Ngati mudalotapo zakuwuluka mumlengalenga mu Blue Origin, SpaceX, kapena Virgin Galactic, mwina mumada nkhawa za ufulu wanu wokwera mukangochoka pa Dziko Lapansi. inenso.

Ufulu wa okwera mumlengalenga ukumveka ngati vuto la nthano zasayansi. Koma sizingakhale kutali monga zikuwonekera. Kafukufuku wambiri waposachedwapa wasonyeza kuti chidwi chokopa alendo m’mlengalenga chikuwonjezeka. Kafukufuku waposachedwa wopangidwa ndi Northern Sky Research akuwonetsa kuti zokopa alendo mumlengalenga zidzakhala bizinesi ya $ 7.9 biliyoni pofika 2030.

Kubwerera ku 2014, ndege ya Virgin Galactic itagwa panthawi yoyesa ndege, okwera angapo akuti adapempha – ndipo adalandira – kubwezeredwa kwa matikiti awo a $ 250,000. Koma lero, ndondomeko yobweza ndalama ya Virgin Galactic sipezeka paliponse patsamba lawo. Palibe mgwirizano wa matikiti kapena kutchulidwa kulikonse zaudindo wa kampani kwa okwera.

William Shatner amawulukira mumlengalenga, ndikuwonjezera chiŵerengero cha chaka chino cha openda zakuthambo omwe anthu wamba

Virgin Galactic adafunsa za ufulu wa okwera. Kampaniyo imayika mitengo yoyambira pamaulendo ake apamtunda pawebusayiti. Mtengo wonse waulendo wopita kumlengalenga ndi $450,000, kuyambira ndi $150,000 chindapusa chomwe chimaphatikizapo $25,000 yosabweza ndalama. Mneneri wina adanena kuti ali ndi ndondomeko yobwezera “muyezo” ndipo akhoza kubwezera ndalama zanu ngati mwasankha kusayenda.

“Ntchito zabwino kwambiri zamakasitomala ndizofunikira kwambiri pamalingaliro a Virgin Galactic,” wolankhulira kampani a Christine DeLargy adandiuza mu imelo.

Akatswiri owona zokopa alendo amati ufulu wa anthu okwera ndege si wachilendo. Palibe bungwe la feduro lomwe likuwoneka kuti lili ndi udindo woyang’anira ntchito zamakasitomala pamaulendo apamlengalenga. Kuchedwa, kuletsa, ndi kubweza ndalama kumasiyidwa kumakampani oyenda mlengalenga kuti adziwe. Koma kusintha kukubwera.

Space tourism ndi ulendo watsopano wa olemera

Kodi ufulu wanu ndi wotani mukawuluka mumlengalenga?

“Ndizovuta kwambiri,” akutero Jane Reffert, katswiri wazokopa alendo yemwe amayendetsa kampani yoyendera alendo ya Incredible Adventures. Akuti ufulu wokwera ndege uli pafupi ndi m’munsi mwa mndandanda wazovuta. Makontrakitala omwe oyenda mumlengalenga amasaina amakhudzana ndi moyo kapena imfa.

“Okwera pamlengalenga adzafunsidwa kuti asayine miyoyo yawo – kwenikweni,” akutero. Ayenera kuvomereza ndi kuvomereza kuopsa kwa imfa.

“Kuyembekezera maulendo apandege amalonda kukhala ofanana ndi maulendo apandege amalonda kungakhale kulakwitsa kwakukulu,” akuwonjezera.

Roketi ya Blue Origin ili ndi vuto pakuyambitsa kopanda munthu

Kodi bungwe la feduro ndi lotani loyang’anira zokopa alendo mumlengalenga?

FAA ndiyomwe ili ndi udindo wowongolera zokopa alendo zamalonda kudzera mu Office of Commercial Space Transportation. Ofesiyi imayimbidwa mlandu wachitetezo, thanzi la anthu, komanso chitetezo cha dziko, koma a Congress aletsa bungweli kuti lisamayendetse chitetezo cha anthu omwe ali m’bwaloli ndikuletsa ntchito yomwe idzatha mu Okutobala 2023.

Sipanatchulidwepo za ntchito zamakasitomala kapena ufulu wa ogula patsamba la FAA lowulutsira anthu mumlengalenga, ndipo wolankhulira bungweli adandiuza kuti ilibe ulamuliro wowongolera nkhani zamakasitomala.

Pakalipano, kampani iliyonse yamalonda yamalonda ili ndi ufulu wodzipangira okha. Ndipo amatero.

Space Perspective, kampani yatsopano yowulutsira mumlengalenga yomwe ikukonzekera kuyamba kupereka maulendo apamtunda okwera kwambiri kumapeto kwa 2024, ikulipira $ 125,000 pa tikiti paulendo wobwerera wa maola asanu ndi limodzi mpaka m’mphepete mwa danga. Zosungitsa zimayamba ndi kubwezeredwa kwathunthu kwa $ 1,000. Mgwirizanowu sukhudza kubweza ndalama pakalephera kuyendetsa ndege. Komabe, mawonekedwe ake osungitsa ndege akuti sizikutsimikizira kuti malonda amagalimoto ake ayamba nthawi iliyonse, “kapena ayi.”

“Kulankhula momveka bwino ndi makasitomala athu pazochitika zonse za Space Perspective ndikofunikira kwambiri kwa ife,” akutero Jane Poynter, woyambitsa komanso CEO wa Space Perspective. Akuti kampani yake ikumalizitsa zambiri za momwe zikuyendera paulendo wapaulendo wamalonda kuyambira kumapeto kwa chaka cha 2024. Ikukonzekera kuphatikiza malamulo oletsa maulendo apandege, kuletsa okwera pamphindi yomaliza ndikusinthanso nthawi.

“Ofufuza angayembekezere kuwona izi zitayikidwa patsamba lathu ndikupatsidwa kwa aliyense payekhapayekha asanamalipire komaliza,” adandiuza.

Ndidafunsa Blue Origin ndi SpaceX ngati ali ndi mgwirizano womwe ulipo pagulu womwe umalimbana ndi zovuta monga kuletsa, kuchedwa, kapena kukana kukwera. Iwo sanayankhe.

Ogwira ntchito ku Blue Origin ati “chikhalidwe chaubale” chapoizoni chapangitsa kusakhulupirirana, kutsika kwamakhalidwe komanso kuchedwa.

Mafunso okhudza ufulu wa okwera ayenera kuyankhidwa

Panthawi ina, bungwe loyang’anira liyenera kutenga udindo wa ufulu wa okwera mumlengalenga. Bungweli liyenera kuunikanso zina zofunika zokhudzana ndi kuyenda mumlengalenga, kuphatikiza:

  • Kuchedwa: Ndi zigamulo zotani zomwe kampani ya teleport imapanga kuchedwa kwanthawi yayitali? Kodi pamafunika kupereka malo ogona ndi chakudya pomwe apaulendo akudikirira zenera lotsatira loyambitsa?
  • Kuletsa: Ngati kampani ya zamalonda ikaletsa kutsegulira, kodi mzere wamlengalenga ukufunika kuti musungitsenso wokwera paulendo wotsatira womwe ulipo? Kodi kubweza kuyenera kuperekedwa, kapena angapereke ngongole ya matikiti? Kodi ngongoleyo iyenera kutha pakatha chaka, monga momwe matikiti ena andege amachitira?
  • Kubweza: Kodi ndi liti pamene kampani ya teleport iyenera kubweza anthu okwera? Kodi kuchedwetsa koyenera kumatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji? Ndi gawo liti la tikiti lomwe liyenera kubwezeredwa? Mwachitsanzo, kodi kampani ingawonjezere “chiwongoladzanja” chosabweza pamtengo wa tikiti, ngakhale palibe ntchito zoperekedwa?

Kodi boma lidzayendetsa bwanji maulendo apamlengalenga m’tsogolomu?

Boma likhoza kusankha imodzi mwa njira zingapo pankhani ya ufulu wokwera. Njira imodzi ndiyo kukhazikitsa njira yandege yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi dipatimenti ya zamayendedwe. Dipatimentiyi imayang’anira zovuta zina ndikuchedwa, kuletsa, ndi kubweza ndalama, koma ndizopepuka poyerekeza ndi Europe. Nthawi zambiri, ndege zimakhazikitsa ndondomeko zawo zothandizira makasitomala, ndipo Dipatimenti Yoyendetsa ndege imafuna kuti muzitsatira mfundozo.

Kodi makampani andege ali ndi ngongole yanji yokayimitsa ndege? Dashboard yatsopano imakuuzani.

Okonza amathanso kutengera mtundu waulendo wapamadzi wogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Federal Maritime Commission. FMC nthawi zambiri imakhala yosagwira ntchito pankhani yowongolera ntchito zamakasitomala, ngakhale idakonzanso malamulo ake posachedwapa kuti akhazikitse zofunikira zatsopano zoperekera okwera maulendo obweza ndalama zobweza ndege zomwe zalephereka kapena zochedwa.

Boma lingasankhenso kukhazikitsa bungwe lina kuti lithane ndi zovuta zapadera zakuyenda m’malo ndi ntchito zamakasitomala. Koma zochitika zomwe zikuyembekezeka, mwina posachedwa, palibe malamulo konse. Makampani opanga malo adzakhala omasuka kukhazikitsa ndondomeko zawo ndikusintha nthawi iliyonse yomwe akufuna. Koma panthawi ina, mkono wautali wa olamulira a federal udzawapeza.

Ngakhale kulibe ufulu wokwera, pali inshuwaransi nthawi zonse. Izi si nthabwala. Chaka chatha, kampani ya inshuwaransi yoyenda ya Battleface idakhazikitsa dongosolo la inshuwaransi ya anthu wamba. Amaphimba imfa mwangozi ndi kulemala kosatha, koma mwatsoka, katundu wotayika ndi kuchedwa sikuli mbali ya ndondomekoyi. Mitengo imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi msinkhu wanu ndi thanzi lanu, komanso mtundu wa chithandizo chomwe mukufuna, malinga ndi kampani.

Ndidafunsa Battleface kuti adagulitsa ndalama zingati. Woimira kampaniyo adati kampaniyo idawona “zosangalatsa zambiri” koma sinalembebe mfundo zoyendera mlengalenga.

Kudakali koyambirira kwamasewera. Padzakhala oyendayenda ambiri posachedwa – ndipo nawo, madandaulo osapeŵeka a kasitomala.

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