Thokozani ma veterans pothandizira chisamaliro chamankhwala amisala

Mental Health Project ndi njira ya Seattle Times yomwe imayang’ana kwambiri nkhani zamaganizidwe ndi machitidwe. Imathandizidwa ndi Ballmer Group, bungwe ladziko lonse lomwe limayang’ana kwambiri kuyenda kwachuma kwa ana ndi mabanja. The Seattle Times imasungabe zowongolera pa ntchito yopangidwa ndi gululi.

Msilikali aliyense wankhondo adayikamo zinthu zomwe zawalola kupirira zovuta, kuthana ndi zopinga, ndikupeza kulimba mtima pantchito yawo. Koma mfundo zomwezo zimathanso kupangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kwa iwo kupeza chithandizo akakhala ndi vuto lamisala.

Kugwirira ntchito limodzi komwe amapanga kumamanga ubale wolimba womwe ungalepheretse kufunafuna thandizo lakunja; Kusadzikonda kwawo kumawalola kuika cholinga chawo ndi anzawo patsogolo koma kungawalepheretse kuika patsogolo thanzi lawo; Kudzipereka kuchita bwino kumayendetsa chilimbikitso chawo komanso kumapangitsanso chidwi chopitilira ku ungwiro.

Monga bwenzi la membala wogwira ntchito komanso wothandizira yemwe ali ndi chilolezo yemwe amagwira ntchito ndi omenyera nkhondo, ndadzionera ndekha mavuto omwe asilikali amakono ndi omwe kale anali nawo pakupeza chithandizo choyenera.

The Seattle Times Mental Health Project ili ndi zolemba zoperekedwa ndi anthu amdera lathu monga gawo la alendo okhudza Mental Health Perspectives. Tikuyitanitsa anthu omwe ali ndi nkhani zokhudzana ndi thanzi la m’maganizo kuti agawane zomwe zikuwonetsa zovuta komanso zodetsa nkhawa pankhaniyi. Ngati mungafune kufunsa za kutumiza ndime, chonde imelo mentalhealth@seattletimes.com.

Nthawi zambiri timathokoza ankhondo akale chifukwa cha ntchito yawo, koma ndimatsutsa tonsefe kuti tithokoze pomvera zosowa zamagulu ankhondo ndi ankhondo akale, kuphunzira za momwe moyo wa usilikali umakhudzira moyo wa usilikali, ndikuthandizira mabungwe omwe amagwira ntchitoyo.

Pafupifupi 11% mpaka 20% ya omenyera nkhondo ku Iraq ndi Afghanistan akuti akudwala PTSD, malinga ndi US Department of Veterans Affairs. Pafupifupi theka la asitikali ankhondo omwe adagwirapo ntchito kuyambira 9/11 adanenanso mu kafukufuku wa Pew Research Center kuti zinali zovuta kapena zovuta kwambiri kwa iwo kuti asinthe moyo wawo wamba atatha usilikali.

Ndinaphunziranso kuti ndi anthu ochepa chabe amene amamvetsa mmene moyo wa usilikali umakhudzira mabanja a anthu ogwira ntchito. Ndinali kudwala matenda ovutika maganizo pambuyo pobereka pamene mnzanga anali kugwira ntchito kunja koma anauzidwa kuti, “Mwalembetsa izi.” Kudzimva kukhala wopatukana ndi anthu wamba kuli nkhondo yofala.

Ankhondo akale amakumanabe ndi zowawa komanso kupsinjika maganizo, koma kupeza mwayi wodzisamalira okha ndi mabanja awo kwakhala kovuta kwambiri. Panthawi ya mliriwu, anthu otumizidwa ku chipatala changa achulukitsidwa kuwirikiza kawiri. Komabe, madokotala ambiri alibe chidziwitso chokwanira cha chikhalidwe cha usilikali ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi maganizo olakwika ponena za gululi, zomwe zimapanga cholepheretsa kupereka chithandizo choyenera kwa asilikali.

Zilolezo zogwirira ntchito yazachipatala nthawi zambiri zimafunikira mtundu wina wamaphunziro aluso, omwe amangoyang’ana mtundu, fuko, geography, malingaliro ogonana, komanso uzimu. Koma kawirikawiri maphunziro amaphatikizapo usilikali monga chikhalidwe chonse kapena kukambirana zamtundu wamagulu ankhondo. Pamene opereka chithandizo sanaphunzitsidwe bwino kuti amvetsetse gulu lankhondo, kuthekera kwawo kopereka chisamaliro choyenera, cha chikhalidwe chawo kungakhale kovuta.

Kuperewera kwa luso lachikhalidwe mdera lanu kungapangitse omenyera nkhondo kudzimva kukhala otalikirana ndi owasamalira. Nthano, monga lingaliro lolakwika loti mamembala onse ogwira ntchito ndi omenyera nkhondo ali ndi kapena akuvutika ndi PTSD komanso kuti kukhala ndi PTSD kumatanthauza kuti wina adzakhala wachiwawa, kungayambitse kusalana komwe kumalepheretsa ambiri kufunafuna chithandizo.

Zothandizira zaumoyo wamaganizidwe kuchokera ku Seattle Times

Omenyera nkhondo ambiri amazengereza kupeza chithandizo chamankhwala chifukwa cha chikhalidwe chankhondo chomwe chilipo chomwe chimalimbikitsa Warrior Ethos, kudzipereka ku mphamvu zamaganizidwe muutumiki. Zikhulupirirozi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kwa omenyera nkhondo ndi ogwira ntchito kuvomereza kuti amavutika maganizo ndi nkhawa.

Nthawi zambiri zimaganiziridwa kuti zosowa zaumoyo za gulu lankhondo la US zimakwaniritsidwa mkati mwa machitidwe aboma monga Dipatimenti ya Veterans Affairs. Komabe, omenyera nkhondo ambiri omwe amasankha kupeza ntchito mdera lakunja kwa Dipatimenti ya Veterans Affairs amapeza kuti ndi osayenera kusamalidwa chifukwa cha kuchotsedwa kopanda ulemu. M’zaka makumi angapo zapitazi, omenyera nkhondo adachotsedwa ntchito chifukwa cha thanzi komanso malingaliro ogonana, ndipo kutulutsidwa kwawo kumatchedwa chamanyazi.

Zosankha zopezera chisamaliro zitha kukhala zoletsa kwambiri kwa achibale, omwe nthawi zambiri sakhala gawo la akatswiri akale. Othandizira zaumoyo ochepa amavomereza TRICARE, Dipatimenti ya Chitetezo ku United States ya inshuwalansi ya umoyo, kapena amamvetsetsa bwino za chikhalidwe cha asilikali, ndipo nthawi yodikirira ikhoza kukhala yochuluka.

Kupempha thandizo kungakhale kovuta pamene zinthu zili bwino. Tangoganizani akuuzidwa kuti mudikire miyezi kuti musamalidwe.

Ngakhale zosankha monga telehealth zathandizira kuthetsa zolepheretsa kufunafuna chithandizo chamankhwala, ntchito yochulukirapo iyenera kuchitidwa. Pamodzi, titha kupanga dongosolo labwino la asitikali okangalika, omenyera nkhondo, ndi mabanja awo, zomwe zimaphatikizapo kupezeka kwanthawi yake pazaumoyo wamakhalidwe komanso opereka mphamvu omwe amadziwa zovuta zapadera komanso mphamvu za gulu lino.

Dr. Nicole Ayres ndi Mtsogoleri wa Zachipatala ku Stephen A. Cohen Military Family Clinic ya Valley Cities ku Lakewood, gawo la Cohen Veterans Network. Chipatala cha Cohen cha Valley Cities chimapereka chithandizo chachinsinsi, chapamwamba kwambiri komanso chithandizo chotumizira anthu am’deralo kwa omenyera nkhondo a pambuyo pa 9/11 ndi mamembala ogwira ntchito, kuphatikiza a National Guard and Reserves, ndi achibale awo. Chisamaliro chimapezeka mosasamala kanthu za kutulutsidwa, udindo mu yunifolomu, kapena zochitika zankhondo. Monga msilikali wazaka zoposa 13, Iris ndi membala wokangalika wa gulu la JBLM akuthandizira mabanja ankhondo pazovuta za kutumizidwa ndi kutumizidwanso.

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